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WTO Rules & India's Export Bans: A Comprehensive Review.



  Sep 28, 2023

WTO and India’s Non-rice Export Ban:



What is WTO?

Q: What is the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
 
A: The WTO is an international organization that regulates trade between countries.
It provides a forum for trade negotiations and dispute resolution among its members.

WTO Rules on Export Bans

Q: What are the WTO rules regarding export bans?
 
A: Under WTO rules, export bans should only be temporary and should not discriminate between trading partners.
These bans must be reported to the WTO and be subject to scrutiny by other member states.

India’s Export Ban on Non-Basmati Rice

Q: Why did India impose an export ban on non-basmati rice?
 
A: India imposed the ban to ensure adequate availability of non-basmati rice in the domestic market and to control the rise in prices.

Who Challenged the Ban

Q: Who has questioned India's export ban on non-basmati rice?
 
A: WTO members, including the U.S., Canada, Australia, and Japan, have questioned the prohibition and asked for clarity regarding how much India considers "adequate" for domestic needs.

India's Justification

Q: What is India’s justification for the ban given sufficient domestic supplies?
 
A: While some reports indicate that India has enough supplies to meet domestic demand, the ban was imposed to preemptively address potential future shortages and price spikes.

Intended Duration of the Ban

Q: What is the intended duration of India's export ban on wheat and broken rice?
 
A: The duration is unclear. WTO members have requested information on how long these bans are intended to last and what procedures are in place to ensure they are only temporary.

GATT Consistency

Q: What has India done to make sure its export ban is in line with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) rules?
 
A: WTO members have asked India to elaborate on the steps it has taken to ensure that its export bans align with GATT rules,
which stipulate that such restrictions should only be temporary.

Transparency Measures

Q: Why is transparency important in this context?
 
A: Transparency is crucial for all WTO members to understand the trade measures imposed by other members,
especially when these measures could impact global food security.

Food Security Crisis

Q: How does this export ban relate to the ongoing food security crisis?
 
A: Export bans can exacerbate food security issues by reducing the global supply of essential staples.
Therefore, timely and transparent information is critical to managing these challenges.
 
By understanding the above points, one can have a better grasp of the complexities surrounding WTO rules,
export bans, and the specific case of India's bans on non-basmati rice and other grains.


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