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Leveraging Water for Peace



  Mar 22, 2024

World Water Day: Leveraging Water for Peace



1. What is World Water Day?

World Water Day is an annual United Nations observance day on March 22 to highlight the importance of freshwater. It advocates for the sustainable management of freshwater resources and aims to raise awareness about global water issues.

2. Why is the theme “Leveraging Water for Peace” significant?

The theme “Leveraging Water for Peace” for World Water Day 2024 emphasizes the role of water in maintaining peace and stability. It reflects the need for water diplomacy, cooperation over shared water resources, and sustainable water management to prevent conflicts and foster peace.

3. How many people lack access to clean water globally?

Approximately two billion people worldwide lack access to safely managed drinking water. This scarcity not only affects individual health and well-being but also has broader implications for peace and prosperity.

4. What are the main challenges in water management?

Key challenges include water scarcity, pollution, climate change impacts, inefficient use, and transboundary water disputes. These challenges necessitate improved cooperation, sustainable practices, and inclusive approaches involving local communities and civil society.

5. How does climate change affect water security?

Climate change leads to erratic rainfall, intense heatwaves, and increased frequency of floods and droughts, exacerbating water scarcity and affecting agriculture, health, and ecosystems. This makes water management and climate resilience more critical.

6. What role does agriculture play in water use?

Agriculture accounts for about 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. Efficient water use in agriculture, including the adoption of modern technologies, is crucial for sustainability and ensuring water availability for other uses.

7. Why is transboundary water cooperation important?

With a significant portion of the world’s freshwater resources located in transboundary basins, cooperation among countries sharing these resources is essential for equitable water distribution, conflict prevention, and sustainable development.

8. How many countries share transboundary waters?

Out of UNESCO’s 194 member states and 12 associate members, 153 countries share transboundary waters. This underscores the global nature of water challenges and the need for international cooperation.

9. What are some solutions to global water challenges?

Solutions include improving water quality and accessibility, promoting efficient and sustainable water use, enhancing cooperation over shared waters, integrating water resources management, and harnessing technology for water conservation.

10. How can individuals contribute to water sustainability?

Individuals can contribute by reducing water wastage, adopting water-saving technologies, supporting policies and practices that promote water conservation, and raising awareness about the importance of sustainable water management.

11. What is the significance of the 2024 United Nations World Water Development Report?

The report, titled “Water for Prosperity and Peace,” developed under the World Water Assessment Programme, provides insights into the state of the world’s freshwater resources, advocating for sustainable management and the use of water as a tool for peace-building.

12. How does the urban-rural divide affect water access?

The report highlights a significant urban-rural divide, with four out of five people lacking basic drinking water services living in rural areas. Addressing this disparity is crucial for equitable development and improving quality of life.

SRIRAM’s


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