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World Bank Report on Financial Inclusion in India



  Sep 09, 2023

World Bank's G20 Report:Financial Inclusion in india


India’s Accelerated Financial Inclusion

Achievements : India reached its financial inclusion targets in just six years, a milestone originally anticipated to take 47 years, propelled significantly by the advent of digital advancements.
 
JAM Trinity : Leveraging Jan Dhan, Aadhaar, and Mobile (JAM) to skyrocket the financial inclusion rate from 25% in 2008 to over 80% recently.
 
PMJDY Growth : Through the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana initiative, account ownership increased substantially, encouraging savings especially among low-income women.
 

Digital Public Infrastructure and Its Impact

Digital Reach: The robust DPI developed over the last decade transcended beyond just financial inclusivity, impacting broader societal spheres.
 
Government’s Role: The pivotal role of the central government in crafting policies and regulatory frameworks to foster a vibrant DPI landscape.
 
Global Acknowledgement: The World Bank praised India's DPI approach, underlining the monumental time-saving achieved in reaching financial inclusion goals.
 

Digital Payment Infrastructure

UPI Transactions: May 2023 saw a surge in UPI transactions, underlining the growing reliance and trust in digital payment solutions.
 
UPI-PayNow Link: The initiation of the India-Singapore payment systems link in February 2023 marked a step forward in facilitating faster and more transparent cross-border payments.
 
Benefits to the Private Sector: DPI has fortified the private sector by enhancing operational efficiency and cutting down fraud-related costs significantly.
 

Financial Gains and Savings

G2P Payments: The deployment of a digital government-to-person payment system powered through DPI channeled a mammoth amount of direct transfers to beneficiaries, fostering substantial savings.
 
Jan Dhan Plus : The program notably encouraged savings among over 12 million low-income women, amplifying average balances and economic empowerment.
 

Data Empowerment and Protection

Account Aggregator Framework: Supervised by the RBI, this framework is poised to buttress data infrastructure, ensuring safe data sharing through a consent-based mechanism.
 
DEPA: The launch of Data Empowerment and Protection Architecture aims to grant individuals more control over their personal data, nurturing an environment conducive to innovation and competition in service offerings.
 

Conclusion

The Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, expressed appreciation for the resilient digital payment infrastructure and the determined spirit of the Indian populace. This combined with rapid strides in innovation ushered India into an era of remarkable financial inclusion, as acknowledged in the World Bank's G20 report.


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