BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

WINDFALL TAX IN INDIA



  Apr 25, 2024

WINDFALL TAX IN INDIA



What is a Windfall Tax?

A windfall tax is a temporary levy imposed by governments on businesses that earn exceptionally high profits due to favorable market conditions that are typically unexpected and not the result of changes in company strategy or business investment and operations. It is designed to redistribute extraordinary profits to support public services or cushion the economy from shocks.

How Does Windfall Tax Work?

A windfall tax is applied based on the surplus profits made by companies, often in specific sectors such as oil and gas, when external events lead to sudden profit spikes. The tax is over and above the regular taxes these companies pay. For example, during global price surges due to geopolitical tensions or supply disruptions, companies in these industries might make significant gains, triggering the windfall tax.

Impact of Windfall Tax

• On Government Revenue: It increases the government’s revenue, enabling increased spending on public welfare, subsidies, or reducing national deficits.

• On Companies: While it reduces the net profit of companies, it’s aimed at those who can afford to contribute more due to unexpected gains.

• On the Economy: Properly calibrated, it can help stabilize national economies by redistributing extra profits that were not anticipated or earned through usual business practices.

Recent Developments in India

In response to the unprecedented profits earned by oil companies due to global crude oil price increases influenced by the Russia-Ukraine conflict, India imposed a windfall tax in July 2022. This was initially set but has been adjusted periodically to reflect changes in global market conditions. Most recently, the tax on petroleum crude was reduced to Rs 1,700 per tonne from Rs 2,300 per tonne.

Who Pays the Windfall Tax?

In India, the windfall tax is primarily aimed at companies in the oil and gas sector that have reaped significant profits due to global price increases. These companies are required to pay the windfall tax in addition to their standard corporate taxes.

Historical Context

India introduced the windfall tax in July 2022 as a special additional excise duty on the export of petroleum products like gasoline, diesel, and aviation turbine fuel (ATF). This was partly to ensure that domestic markets had sufficient access to these fuels at reasonable prices, as international markets offered higher profit margins.

Global Perspective

Other countries have also adopted or are considering windfall taxes, especially in response to recent energy crises exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and geopolitical tensions. The UN has suggested such taxes to prevent excessive profiteering during global crises, encouraging nations to redirect these funds towards public good.

Conclusion

Windfall taxes, while controversial, are tools at the disposal of governments to ensure that sudden and large profits made due to unique circumstances contribute back to society. In India, this tax has played a role in managing the economic impact of global market fluctuations and ensuring that the benefits of large industrial profits are somewhat shared with the public during times of need.


This approach reflects a balance between allowing businesses to profit and ensuring that these profits do not lead to societal imbalances or hardships, especially during volatile economic periods.


SRIRAM's


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
RBI’S MONETARY POLICY STANCE
 
French Revolution and India
 
MUSLIM WOMEN UNDER SECTION 125 OF CRPC:
 
BASTILLE DAY
 
INDIA-BASED NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY (INO)
 
India's Critical Minerals Strategy
 
Conflict in Sudan:
 
ASIAN PROTECTIONISM:RESPONSE TO CHINESE OVERCAPACITY
 
IVF Treatments in India
 
Indian quantum cryptography discovery
 
Climate Change : Loss and damage fund
 
INDIA’S FERTILITY RATE DYNAMICS AND IMPACT
 
East China Sea Tensions:Senkaku Islands
 
Green steel and the hydrogen-based DRI production method
 
NABARD's Agri-SURE Fund: Simplifier