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WHO BACTERIAL PATHOGENS PRIORITY LIST



  May 21, 2024

WHO BACTERIAL PATHOGENS PRIORITY LIST



1. What is the Bacterial Pathogens Priority List (BPPL)?

   - The BPPL is a document published by the World Health Organization (WHO) that categorizes antibiotic-resistant bacteria into critical, high, and medium priority levels based on their threat to global health, ability to resist treatment, and potential to spread resistance.

2. Why was the BPPL updated?

   - The BPPL was updated to reflect the current global burden of drug-resistant bacteria, highlight changes in antimicrobial resistance patterns, and guide public health policy and research priorities in combating these threats.

3. What are critical priority pathogens?

   - Critical priority pathogens are families of bacteria that are resistant to last-resort antibiotics. These include certain gram-negative bacteria and strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to Rifampicin.

4. What challenges do high-priority pathogens pose?

   - High-priority pathogens, such as salmonella and shigella, pose significant public health challenges, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, due to their high burden and resistance to multiple antibiotics.

5. What impact does antimicrobial resistance (AMR) have on public health?

   - AMR leads to bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites becoming resistant to medications, increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness, and death. It complicates treatment of infections and undermines many advances in modern medicine.

6. How does the BPPL help in combating antimicrobial resistance?

   - The BPPL guides investment in research and development of new antibiotics, supports targeted public health interventions, and informs global strategies to manage and mitigate the risks associated with drug-resistant infections.

7. What actions are recommended to tackle antimicrobial resistance?

   - Recommended actions include rational use of antimicrobials, increased investment in research for new treatments, improved infection prevention and control, and global collaboration in monitoring and combating resistance.

This list provides essential guidance for addressing the ongoing and escalating threat of antimicrobial resistance worldwide.



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