BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Wetlands in Urban Environments: A Case Study of Chennai



  Dec 11, 2023

Wetlands in Urban Environments: A Case Study of Chennai



Wetlands and Their Uses:

Wetlands are vital ecological features that provide numerous benefits. They act as natural sponges, absorbing rainfall and reducing flooding. These areas support a diverse range of flora and fauna, contributing to biodiversity. Wetlands also filter pollutants from water, improve water quality, and recharge groundwater aquifers. In coastal cities like Chennai, they serve as critical buffers against storms and sea-level rise.

Causes of Wetland Destruction:

Urban sprawl and unregulated development are primary causes of wetland destruction in cities like Chennai. The conversion of wetlands into residential and commercial areas disrupts their natural function. Infrastructure projects often neglect the ecological role of these areas, leading to their degradation. Poor waste management and pollution further contribute to the deterioration of wetlands.

Effects of Wetland Destruction:

The loss of wetlands leads to increased flooding, as seen in Chennai, where natural drainage is compromised. The absence of wetlands also results in the loss of biodiversity and reduced water quality. The city’s resilience against natural disasters diminishes, and the urban heat island effect intensifies due to the lack of these natural cooling areas.

Remedies and Solutions:

To address these issues, there are several remedies:

Policy and Planning: Implementing strict land-use policies that protect wetlands and include them in urban planning.

Restoration Projects: Undertaking wetland restoration projects to revive their ecological functions.

Public Awareness: Raising awareness about the importance of wetlands in urban environments.

Sustainable Development: Encouraging green infrastructure and sustainable urban development practices.

Factual Examples:

After the 2015 Chennai floods, there was a concerted effort to rethink urban planning and wetland conservation. The Comptroller and Auditor General’s report highlighted the need for protecting wetlands. Initiatives like the Pallikaranai Marsh restoration aim to rejuvenate one of the last remaining natural wetlands in Chennai, underscoring the importance of these habitats in urban flood management.

In summary, the conservation and restoration of wetlands are essential for sustainable urban living, particularly in flood-prone areas like Chennai. Learning from past events, integrating ecological considerations into urban development, and enforcing environmental regulations can help mitigate the effects of such disasters.


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
Anti-Quota Protests in Bangladesh
 
LIMATE-RESISTANT SEEDS INDIANAGRICULTURE
 
EVIDENCE OF LUNAR TUNNEL & HUMAN HABITATION
 
Is Pluto a planet?
 
CAN MARS BE TRANSFORMED INTO ANOTHER EARTH?
 
AI:AUTONOMOUS WEAPONS IN MODERN WARFARE
 
CROP DIVERSIFICATION IN INDIA
 
WHY DO EARTH’S MAGNETIC POLES REVERSE?
 
CLIMATE CHANGE AND EARTH’S SLOWING ROTATION
 
Electroencephalography (EEG):Simplifier
 
Rupee-Rouble Payments
 
Tirzepatide: Diabetes Breakthrough
 
LARGE LANGUAGE MODELS
 
DEEP MACHINE LEARNING
 
MACHINE LEARNING