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WEST NILE FEVER IN KERALA



  May 08, 2024

WEST NILE FEVER IN KERALA



  1. What is West Nile Fever?

West Nile Fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection caused by the West Nile virus. It is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected Culex mosquitoes, typically acquired from feeding on infected birds.

2. What are the symptoms of West Nile Fever?

Symptoms can vary widely, ranging from no symptoms at all to severe neurological issues. Common symptoms include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, disorientation, stupor, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, and paralysis.

3. How is West Nile Fever diagnosed?

Diagnosis typically involves testing samples of blood or cerebrospinal fluid. Initial tests may be conducted at local facilities, with confirmation at specialized institutions like the National Institute of Virology in Pune.

4. Is there a vaccine for West Nile Fever?

Currently, there is no vaccine available for West Nile Fever in humans. Prevention focuses on avoiding mosquito bites and controlling mosquito populations.

5. What is the treatment for West Nile Fever?

Treatment primarily involves supportive care, which can include hospitalization, intravenous fluids, respiratory support, and prevention of secondary infections, particularly in severe cases involving the nervous system.

6. Can West Nile Virus be transmitted from person to person?

No, the virus does not spread through human-to-human contact. Transmission occurs through the bite of infected mosquitoes.

7. What preventive measures are being taken in Kerala?

The Kerala government has intensified pre-monsoon cleaning drives to eliminate potential mosquito breeding sites. Health officials are closely monitoring the situation and coordinating with local governments to ensure public safety.

These FAQs provide essential information on understanding West Nile Fever, its impact, and the efforts being made to combat it in Kerala.

  
  
SRIRAM’s




 


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