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URBAN DEVELOPMENT:AMRUT SCHEME SIMPLIFIER



  Jun 03, 2024

URBAN DEVELOPMENT:AMRUT SCHEME SIMPLIFIER



What is the AMRUT Scheme?

- Purpose: The Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) aims to address challenges in water supply, mobility, and pollution with financial assistance from the Centre, States, and cities.

- Goals:

  - Ensure every household has access to a tap with assured water supply and sewerage connection.

  - Develop greenery and well-maintained open spaces such as parks.

  - Reduce pollution by promoting public and non-motorized transport.

Funding:

- AMRUT 1.0: Total outlay of ₹50,000 crore for five years from FY 2015-16 to FY 2019-20.

- AMRUT 2.0: Total outlay of ₹2,99,000 crore, with ₹76,760 crore from the Centre for five years.

Progress So Far:

- As of May 19, 2024, ₹83,357 crore has been dispersed.

- Achievements include:

  - 58,66,237 tap connections.

  - 37,49,467 sewerage connections.

  - Development of 2,411 parks.

  - Replacement of 62,78,571 LED lights.

Reality Check:

- Despite progress, issues like inadequate water, sanitation, and hygiene persist, causing significant health risks.

- Major cities are facing severe water shortages and poor air quality.

- 31% of urban households lack piped water; 67.3% are not connected to a sewerage system.

- Average water supply per person is far below the required amount.

Shortcomings:

- Project-Oriented Approach: Lacked a holistic, integrated approach to urban development.

- Lack of Local Participation: Minimal involvement of city governments and people’s representatives.

- Top-Down Governance: Dominated by bureaucrats, private consultants, and large technology companies.

- Inadequate Design: Poorly designed sewage treatment plants and infrastructure.

- Real Estate Focus: Urban planning often driven by real estate development rather than sustainable practices.

Recommendations:

1. Holistic Urban Planning:

   - Integrate water management with climate and rainfall patterns.

   - Use nature-based solutions for sustainable urban development.

   - Involve local governments and representatives in planning and implementation.

   - Ensure community participation to reflect local needs and priorities.

3. Comprehensive Methodology:

   - Adopt a people-centric approach for urban development.

   - Address environmental concerns and promote green infrastructure.

4. Strengthen Governance:

   - Revise governance structures to include elected officials and local stakeholders.

   - Enhance transparency and accountability in project execution.

5. Sustainable Practices:

   - Protect and restore water bodies and natural resources.

   - Develop effective stormwater management systems.

By addressing these shortcomings and implementing these recommendations, India can improve its urban infrastructure and ensure sustainable, inclusive development for its growing urban population.


SRIRAM’s


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