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Unopposed Lok Sabha poll wins



  May 04, 2024

Unopposed Lok Sabha poll wins



► Introduction

In Indian electoral law, specific provisions enable a candidate to be declared the winner of an election without any votes being cast, particularly in scenarios where the candidate faces no opposition after the nomination process concludes. This situation is governed by the Representation of Peoples Act of 1951, particularly under Section 53(3). This provision ensures that if there are fewer candidates than the seats available, those candidates are declared elected immediately.

► Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

What does it mean for a candidate to win unopposed?

A candidate is said to win unopposed when they are the only candidate remaining in a contest, typically after other candidates have withdrawn or been disqualified, resulting in no need for a vote.

Under what law is a candidate declared unopposed?

According to Section 53(3) of the Representation of Peoples Act of 1951, if the number of candidates is less than or equal to the number of seats available in a constituency, the returning officer shall declare the candidate(s) elected unopposed.

What happens if other candidates withdraw or are disqualified?

If all other candidates withdraw their nominations or are disqualified due to issues like discrepancies in nomination papers, the remaining candidate is declared the winner without a vote being cast.

What are the nomination rules?

According to election nomination rules, a candidate backed by a recognized political party requires only one voter from the constituency to propose their candidacy. However, if the candidate is independent or from an unrecognized political party, the nomination must be supported by signatures from 10 voters within the constituency. This ensures that all candidates have some level of local endorsement before being declared elected unopposed.

Has this situation occurred frequently in Indian elections?

While not common, there have been instances in every few election cycles where candidates have won unopposed, particularly in local body elections. Historically, in the Lok Sabha elections, several candidates have won unopposed, especially during the early years post-independence.

What role does NOTA play in uncontested elections?

In uncontested elections, the NOTA (None of the Above) option does not influence the outcome because the sole candidate is declared the winner regardless of other potential ballot choices. However, there are debates about whether NOTA should be able to force an election to be held or if it merely serves as a passive option for voters dissatisfied with the available candidate.

Why discuss now?

In the current election for the Surat Lok Sabha constituency, BJP candidate Mukesh Dalal was elected unopposed. This occurred after discrepancies were found in the nomination papers of Nilesh Kumbhani, leading to the rejection of his and other opposing nominations. Mukesh Dalal remained the sole candidate, highlighting the stringent scrutiny in the nomination process and its significant impact on electoral outcomes.

This structured overview clarifies the procedural aspects and implications of uncontested elections under Indian electoral law, emphasizing their historical occurrences and current relevance.



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