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Gwalior: UNESCO's Musical Heritage Triumph



  Nov 10, 2023

UNESCO's Recognition of Gwalior as the 'City of Music'



Gwalior's Musical Heritage: A UNESCO Creative City

UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network (UCCN) Inclusion: Gwalior, alongside Kozhikode, has been recognized for its commitment to culture and creativity, particularly in music.

The Gwalior Gharana: An Integral Part of Indian Music History

Origins in the 15th Century: Raja Man Singh Tomar's patronage saw the rise of the Gwalior Gharana, the oldest in Hindustani classical music.

Musical Treatises by Dungarendra Singh Tomar: His contributions, such as 'Sangeet Shiromani' and 'Sangeet Choodamani', were significant in the music revival.

Evolution of Dhrupad and Khayal: Man Singh Tomar's possible invention of dhrupad and the later development of khayal singing marked key evolutions in the Gwalior Gharana.

Influence of Sufi Saints and Muslim Sultans: The diverse influences enriched the musical tradition of Gwalior, blending various cultural elements.

Key Figures and Contributions

Tansen - The Crown Musician: His training and contributions to the court of Akbar are legendary, solidifying Gwalior’s position in Indian music history.

Ustad Hafiz Ali Khan and the Sarod Connection: A prominent figure who significantly influenced the musical landscape of Gwalior and beyond.

Gwalior Gharana: Distinct Style and Contributions

Integration of Persian Elements: The inclusion of Persian words and the concept of bandish ki thumri highlight Gwalior's unique musical blend.

Legacy of Musicians and Educators: The gharana has produced illustrious musicians like Bade Inayat Hussain Khan, Vasudeva Buwa Joshi, and Pt Kumar Gandharv.

Contemporary Relevance and Influence

Hindustani Classical Music and Gwalior Gharana: Today's students and enthusiasts of Hindustani classical music continue to embrace and learn from the techniques and nuances pioneered by the Gwalior Gharana.

SRIRAM’s: This summary provides a comprehensive look into the rich musical heritage of Gwalior, emphasizing its historical significance and continued influence in Hindustani classical music. The city's recognition by UNESCO underlines the global relevance of its musical traditions, integral to understanding Indian cultural history.


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