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Understanding Winter Dzud: Impact and Mitigation



  Apr 19, 2024

Understanding Winter Dzud: Impact and Mitigation



► Winter Dzud

1. What is a dzud?

A dzud is a severe winter weather phenomenon in Mongolia and parts of Siberia, characterized by harsh conditions that lead to significant livestock mortality. This occurs due to heavy snow, extreme cold, or ice covering the ground, preventing livestock from accessing forage.

2. How many types of dzud are there?

There are four main types:

White dzud: Heavy snow cover restricts access to grazing.

Black dzud: Intense cold with little snow freezes the ground.

Iron dzud: Layers of ice form from thawing and refreezing snow, blocking forage.

Cold dzud: Exceptionally low temperatures cause frostbite and hypothermia in animals.

3. Why is dzud devastating?

Dzud impacts Mongolia and parts of Siberia, where pastoral herding is crucial for livelihoods. Severe conditions can wipe out large numbers of livestock, affecting economic stability and food security.

4. How often do dzuds occur?

Dzuds occur sporadically, with severe events happening every few years, influencing different regions variably.

5. What measures mitigate dzud effects?

Efforts include stockpiling fodder, financial support for herders, community resource-sharing during emergencies, and improving sustainable herding practices.



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