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"Maoism in India: Terrorist Threat Persists"



  Sep 21, 2023

Understanding Maoism in India



What is Maoism?

Maoism (Mao Zedong Thought) is a variant of Marxism-Leninism developed by Chinese leader Mao Zedong.
Emphasizes peasant-led revolutionary warfare, continuous revolution, and the "mass line" leadership method.

Who are Maoists?

Maoists are followers of Maoism.
In India, primarily members of the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
Focus on overthrowing the Indian government through a people's war, with support from tribal populations.
Key concerns include land rights and alleged governmental oppression.

Why are they Legally Designated as Terrorists?

Designated as terrorists by the Indian government due to violent means used to achieve political objectives.
Actions include attacks on security forces and civilians.
Poses a significant threat to India's national security and public order.

Where Do They Operate From?

Traditionally operate in the "Red Corridor" across multiple states.
Seek refuge in dense forests, utilizing guerrilla tactics for operations.

How is the Government Dealing With Them?

Government's multi-pronged strategy:
Security measures: Anti-insurgency operations and police force strengthening.

Developmental initiatives: Addressing poverty and unemployment.

Public awareness campaigns: Educating on Maoism dangers and prevention.

Legal actions: Arresting and prosecuting Maoist leaders and operatives.

State of Maoism Today

Maoist activities have decreased compared to the past decade.
Joint efforts by security forces and development initiatives contributed.
Still a significant threat in states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.
Continues to exploit local grievances to sustain influence.
Ongoing security efforts, such as key leader arrests, aim to curb Maoist extremism in India.


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