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U.K.'S DEPORTATION PLAN TO RWANDA



  May 08, 2024

U.K.'S DEPORTATION PLAN TO RWANDA



1. What is the U.K.’s deportation plan involving Rwanda?

The U.K. government has a new agreement with Rwanda where asylum seekers making unauthorized journeys to the U.K. since January 1, 2022, can be deported to Rwanda. This policy intends for Rwanda to process these asylum claims, and it is part of broader efforts to manage undocumented migration.

2. How does the deportation process work?

Deportation to Rwanda can occur under the Voluntary Returns Scheme (VRS), where migrants and failed asylum seekers are offered financial assistance to return to a "safe third country" they are eligible to enter. Participants in this scheme receive a one-off payment, especially if returning to a developing country, as categorized by the OECD, which includes Rwanda.

3. What has been the legal stance on this policy?

Initially, the U.K.'s relocation policy was declared unlawful by the U.K. Supreme Court. However, the government revised the agreement, adding more safeguards, and passed new legislation to enforce it.Since it is parliamentary law, Supreme Court of UK can not strike it down.

4. Why has Rwanda agreed to accept deportees from the U.K.?

Rwanda has agreed to this arrangement as part of a broader deal that includes development funding from the U.K. Despite criticisms, Rwandan President Paul Kagame insists the partnership is to provide a better life for the refugees, rather than being economically motivated.

5. Is Rwanda considered safe for refugees?

Rwanda has shown significant economic progress but still faces challenges regarding human rights issues, including accusations of stifling dissent and mistreating refugees. Human Rights Watch has reported instances of arbitrary detention and ill-treatment of refugees within Rwanda.

6. How many people have been deported to Rwanda so far?

While specific numbers under the new policy are not detailed, in the past year, 19,253 individuals were voluntarily returned from Britain under the VRS, which includes various countries, not just Rwanda.

7. What are the economic incentives for Rwanda in this deal?

Under the agreement, the U.K. has promised significant financial aid to Rwanda, totaling up to 600 million pounds, which includes covering processing and integration costs of relocated individuals. This substantial funding is seen as a development boost for Rwanda.

These FAQs aim to simplify the understanding of the U.K.’s deportation arrangement with Rwanda and the broader implications for both countries and the individuals affected.




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