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UDYAM Registration for MSMEs



  Apr 02, 2024

UDYAM Registration for MSMEs



What is UDYAM?

● UDYAM is a simplified, online portal for registering Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in India.
● It replaced the previous, more complex Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum (UAM) system.
● The Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) oversees the registration portal.


Key Features

Self-Declaration: MSMEs register using a self-declaration form. No third-party verification or documentation uploads are required.

Aadhaar Integration: The entrepreneur's Aadhaar number is the primary identifier.

Permanent UDYAM Number: Upon registration, MSMEs receive a unique UDYAM Registration Number.

No Renewal Required: The registration is permanent, eliminating the need for renewals.


Benefits of UDYAM Registration

Government Scheme Access: Registered MSMEs become eligible for various subsidies, credit schemes, and other benefits specifically geared towards MSMEs.

Tender Participation: Many government tenders give preference or are exclusively for UDYAM-registered MSMEs.

Delayed Payment Protection: The MSME Development Act outlines protection and legal recourse against delayed payments from buyers.

Recognition: Provides official recognition as an MSME, which can be helpful in formal dealings and building business reputation.


Income Tax Act  Section 43b(h)

Key Points

Section 43b(h) Intent: This amendment to India's Income Tax Act targets delayed payments to Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) registered with UDYAM. It aims to improve cash flow and financial stability within the MSME sector.

Tax Implications: Buyers can only claim deductions for payments to MSMEs made within the timeframes outlined in the MSME Development Act (2006). Delayed payments beyond this timeframe will be considered taxable income for the buyer.

Potential Buyer Responses: To avoid tax penalties, buyers may:

Shift sourcing: Favor suppliers who are not UDYAM-registered and therefore not subject to the same payment timelines.

Renegotiate payment terms: Pressure MSMEs into accepting longer payment periods.


Short-term vs. Long-term Impacts

Immediate Challenges: The amendment may cause temporary disruptions in MSMEs' working capital as buyers adjust their practices.

Intended Outcome: Theoretically, Section 43b(h) should incentivize buyers towards timely payments, ultimately improving MSME financial health.


FAQs

How is this different from other provisions in Section 43b?

Other clauses typically pertain to year-end outstanding sums. Section 43b(h) targets ongoing delays even beyond the fiscal year.

What is the UDYAM registration system?

UDYAM is a government portal for MSME registration that simplifies processes and offers various benefits.

What is the rationale for delayed MSME payments?

Larger businesses often use their bargaining power to extend payment terms with smaller suppliers, exploiting MSMEs' need for working capital.

Are there legal protections beyond this tax amendment?

The MSME Development Act sets legally mandated payment timelines, but enforcement can be challenging.



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