Tsunamis: Forces of Nature and Oceanic Impact

  Jan 03, 2024

Tsunamis: Forces of Nature and Oceanic Impact

1. What is a Tsunami?

A tsunami is a series of large ocean waves usually caused by an underwater earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, or near-Earth object impact.

2. Why are tsunamis most common in the Pacific Ocean?

The Pacific Ocean’s “Ring of Fire” is home to many subduction zones where tectonic plates collide, leading to frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity, the primary causes of tsunamis.

3. How fast can a tsunami travel?

Tsunamis can travel up to 500 miles (805 kilometers) per hour, similar to jet plane speeds, especially in deep water.

4. Can tsunamis be predicted?

While predicting when a tsunami will occur is challenging, early warning systems can detect underwater earthquakes and issue alerts based on potential tsunami risks.

5. What happens when a tsunami reaches land?

As a tsunami approaches the coastline and moves into shallower waters, its speed decreases, but its height increases dramatically, potentially causing significant destruction on land.

6. What should you do if a tsunami warning is issued?

If a tsunami warning is issued, immediately evacuate to higher ground or inland and stay away from the coast until official sources say it is safe to return.



Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation


New Sea Slug Species Named After President Murmu
​India’s New Solar Initiative PM-Surya Ghar Yojana
New Sea Slug Species Named After President Murmu
India's Space Odyssey: Gaganyaan, Space Station, Moon
India's Space Leap: Gaganyaan, Station, Moon
The Transformative Impact of Regenerative Agriculture on Soil Health
Early Blossoming of Buransh in Uttarakhand
Exclusion of Scheduled Tribes from Uttarakhand’s Uniform Civil Code
Impact of Prosopis Juliflora on Sloth Bear Habitat Utilization in Gujarat
Kasturba Gandhi and the 1913 Satyagraha Movement
Shahpur Kandi Barrage and Water Allocation
Explainer:Selection of Astronauts for Gaganyaan Mission
Understanding the Household Consumption Expenditure Survey 2024
Obelisks: New Discoveries in Human Microbiomes
Discovering Obelisks: A New Form of Life