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2021 Study : Health Disparities Between STs and Non-STs.



  Sep 28, 2023

Tribal Development



Human Development;STs and Non-STs a table summarizing the key findings from the study comparing the performance of Scheduled Tribes (STs) and non-Scheduled Tribes (non-STs) in various health indicators in 2021:
 
Categories of Health Indicators STs Outperformed Non-STs Non-STs Outperformed STs
Overall Gender Balance yes no
Gender Balance at Birth yes no
Use of Family Planning Methods yes no
Consistent Treatment during Pregnancy yes no
Adherence to Recommended Breastfeeding Practices yes no
Reduced Occurrence of Diabetes yes no
Reduced Occurrence of Hypertension yes no
Child Mortality Rate (Under 5) no yes
Child Malnutrition (Under 5) no yes
High Blood Pressure Levels (15–49 Age Group) no yes
 
In 2021, STs outperformed non-STs in several indicators related to gender balance, family planning, pregnancy, breastfeeding practices, and the occurrence of diabetes and hypertension.
However, non-STs outperformed STs in indicators related to child mortality, child malnutrition, and high blood pressure levels among the 15-49 age group.

It's important to note that STs face challenges in various health and socioeconomic aspects, and targeted policy efforts are needed to address these disparities.

The study also highlighted improvements among STs between 2016 and 2021 in access to sanitation facilities, skilled health personnel attending births, full vaccination coverage among children aged 12-23 months, and civil registration of births.

Overall, the study emphasizes the importance of addressing the health and welfare disparities faced by STs in India to achieve progress in population, health, and nutrition policy metrics.(Especially salient for the Anthropology Candidates)


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