BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Trade dynamics amid tariffs



  May 17, 2024

Trade dynamics amid tariffs



1. What is industrial overcapacity?

- Industrial overcapacity occurs when an industry's capacity to produce goods exceeds the demand for those goods. This situation often leads to lower prices and can cause economic distress within the industry, as factories operate below their potential, leading to inefficiencies and lost profits.

2. Why are the U.S. and EU concerned about Chinese overcapacity?

- The U.S. and EU are concerned that Chinese overcapacity leads to a flood of cheap products in their markets. This can undercut local industries that cannot compete with these low prices, potentially leading to job losses and the decline of entire industrial sectors within their economies.

3. What is trade protectionism?

- Trade protectionism refers to government actions and policies that restrict international trade to protect local businesses and jobs from foreign competition. Common protectionist measures include tariffs, import quotas, and subsidies to local businesses.

4. How does China view these accusations of overcapacity?

- China argues that these accusations are a form of "naked trade protectionism." It contends that its industrial capacity is a part of a global supply chain and should not be viewed in isolation as excess. China views the actions taken by the U.S. and EU as unfair constraints that target its economic interests under the guise of addressing overcapacity.

5. How do tariffs relate to overcapacity?

- Tariffs are often used as a tool to manage the effects of overcapacity on national markets. By imposing higher tariffs on products from industries with significant overcapacity (like new energy vehicles from China), countries like the U.S. aim to protect their domestic industries from being overwhelmed by cheaper, mass-produced imports.

6. What impact do these tariffs have on global efforts like climate change?

- China suggests that by restricting imports of its new energy products, which include technologies crucial for the transition to renewable energy, the U.S. and EU could be hindering global efforts to combat climate change. China views its new energy sector as essential for global green transformation, similar to how Western companies dominate other high-tech industries.

7. What is China’s argument regarding global supply and demand?

- China’s stance is that production and consumption are global phenomena, and thus, supply and demand should be balanced with a global perspective. This implies that even if China produces more than it needs domestically, its production supports global demand, particularly in areas where it holds a competitive advantage.

8. How does China justify its production levels in the context of global markets?

- By comparing its dominance in the green technologies market to Boeing and Airbus in aviation, China argues that its production levels are justified by the need to meet the global demand for new energy products, which is crucial for achieving carbon neutrality goals internationally.

9. What are the broader implications of these trade disputes?

- These disputes highlight the challenges of global trade, where economic interests, environmental goals, and national security concerns often intersect and conflict. The resolution of these issues requires negotiation and cooperation but is complicated by national interests and geopolitical strategies.

Understanding these concepts is crucial for comprehending the dynamics at play in the current U.S.-China and EU-China trade tensions, especially how they impact broader global economic and environmental initiatives.


SRIRAM’s



Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
Indian Ocean humpback dolphin (Sousa plumbea)
 
Indian Ocean humpback dolphin (Sousa plumbea)
 
DARK WEB AND NATIONAL SECURITY
 
DARK WEB AND TERRORISM
 
Finance Commission :Simplifier
 
Laws to combat superstition
 
Indian Foreign Policy and Strategic autonomy
 
Puja Khedkar and UPSC
 
ICAR : ‘ONE SCIENTIST ONE PRODUCT’
 
CROWDSTRIKE AND THE WINDOWS BSOD OUTAGE
 
ASHOKA CHAKRA IN THE INDIAN FLAG
 
Top ten most populous countries as of 2024:
 
Top ten largest countries by land area:
 
Lok Sabha Business Advisory Committee:
 
India's Electronic Sector and Global Value Chains