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Unraveling Saudi-Israel Normalization: Regional Dynamics.



  Oct 18, 2023

The Saudi-Israel Normalization: Unraveled By Regional Dynamics



Overview

The Gaza conflict has significantly impacted Saudi Arabia's attempts to normalize relations with Israel. Initiated under U.S. guidance, this normalization deal has faced a setback, shedding light on the broader geopolitical landscape and the role of Palestinian interests in West Asian diplomacy.

Key Points

Initial Momentum: Under U.S. auspices, Israel and Saudi Arabia had seemed to be progressing toward normalizing relations. Prime Minister Netanyahu even praised the process during his speech at the United Nations General Assembly.

Saudi Conditions: The kingdom laid down three conditions for the deal - U.S. approval for a civilian nuclear program, an "iron-clad" security guarantee, and sales of advanced weapons.

U.S. Concerns: Several U.S. politicians opposed providing Saudi Arabia with security guarantees and raised concerns about Saudi Arabia developing a nuclear program.

Palestinian Issue Ignored: The plight of Palestinians was conspicuously absent from normalization discussions, adding to the growing tensions in the region.

Gaza Conflict: The recent Gaza war has again put the Palestinian cause at the forefront of West Asian politics. The violence has led to Saudi Arabia reconsidering its position.

Saudi-Iran Relations: Claims that Iran instigated the Hamas attacks to thwart Saudi-Israeli normalization are debatable. Saudi-Iran relations have normalized under Chinese mediation, weakening this argument.

Policy Reassessment: In light of the conflict, Saudi Arabia has shifted its focus toward achieving concrete actions to serve Palestinian interests.

Implications

The developments hint at a fundamental shift in Saudi Arabia's foreign policy, emphasizing its own interests over that of the U.S.

The issue of Palestinian rights and sovereignty is regaining its centrality in West Asian politics.

Key Points for Civil Services Exam

Understanding of the U.S.'s role in Saudi-Israeli normalization efforts.

Awareness of the geopolitical factors that contributed to the stalling of these efforts.

Insight into how regional conflicts, like the Gaza war, can influence diplomatic endeavors.

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