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THE JURY SYSTEM IN INDIA



  Jun 05, 2024

THE JURY SYSTEM IN INDIA



SIMPLIFIER

1. What is a jury system?

A jury system is a legal process where a group of citizens, called jurors, are selected to determine the facts of a case and render a verdict. The jury is responsible for deciding whether the defendant is guilty or not based on the evidence presented during the trial.

2. Did India ever use the jury system?

Yes, India used the jury system during the British colonial period. The system was inherited from British legal traditions and was implemented in various courts across the country.

3. Why was the jury system abolished in India?

The jury system was abolished in India mainly due to the influence of the high-profile case of K. M. Nanavati vs. State of Maharashtra in 1959. The case highlighted issues such as jury bias and media influence on jurors. As a result, the Indian government decided to phase out the jury system in favor of the current bench trial system, where judges alone determine the verdict.

4. What replaced the jury system in India?

The jury system was replaced by a bench trial system. In this system, professional judges, who are trained and experienced in law, are solely responsible for evaluating evidence, determining the facts, and rendering verdicts in criminal and civil cases.

5. What are the advantages of the bench trial system over the jury system?

The bench trial system is considered more efficient and less susceptible to biases and external influences. Judges are legally trained and experienced in handling complex legal issues, which can lead to more consistent and reliable verdicts. Additionally, the bench trial system is faster and less costly compared to jury trials.

6. Are there any remnants of the jury system in India today?

While the jury system has been completely abolished in India, the concept of lay participation in the judicial process still exists in some forms, such as people’s participation in certain tribunals and local dispute resolution mechanisms.

7. How does the current judicial system ensure fairness in trials?

The current judicial system in India ensures fairness through various checks and balances, including the right to appeal, legal representation for the accused, and adherence to established legal procedures and principles. The independence of the judiciary and judicial accountability are also key factors in maintaining fairness.


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