BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Thanjavur Painting: A Classic Indian Art Form



  May 01, 2024

Thanjavur Painting: A Classic Indian Art Form



What is Thanjavur painting?

Thanjavur painting is a classical South Indian painting style that originated in the town of Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu. Known for its rich and vibrant colors, the art form dates back to around 1600 AD and is renowned for its intricate gold leaf work and embellishments with glass beads and occasionally precious stones.

How did Thanjavur painting evolve?

The style evolved under the patronage of the Nayakas of Thanjavur, who were under the suzerainty of the Vijayanagara Empire. Artists influenced by various styles such as Deccani, Vijayanagara, Maratha, and even European painting techniques contributed to its evolution. The art form continued to flourish under the Maratha rulers after the fall of the Nayakas.

What are the distinctive features of Thanjavur paintings?

Thanjavur paintings are known for their surface richness, vivid colors, and compact composition. Distinctive features include the use of gold foil for embellishment, extensive gesso work, and inlays of glass beads and occasionally gems. These paintings are predominantly of Hindu gods and goddesses and scenes from Hindu mythology.

What subjects are commonly depicted in Thanjavur paintings?

The primary subjects of Thanjavur paintings are Hindu deities, saints, and mythological episodes. However, there are also instances of Jain, Sikh, Muslim, and other religious and secular themes being depicted, reflecting a broader cultural integration.

Where can one see original Thanjavur paintings?

Original Thanjavur paintings can be seen in temples, palaces, and museums across Tamil Nadu. Notable locations include the Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur, which also features ancient Chola wall paintings.

What is the cultural significance of Thanjavur paintings?

Thanjavur paintings are a significant part of South Indian culture and heritage, reflecting the religious and historical narratives of the region. They serve not only as devotional icons but also as a medium of cultural expression that narrates tales from ancient texts and the life of the saints.

How are Thanjavur paintings created?

The process of creating a Thanjavur painting involves several meticulous steps. Artists begin with a preliminary sketch of the image on a base of cloth pasted over wood. This is followed by a layer of chalk powder or zinc oxide mixed with a water-soluble adhesive. After the drawing is made, it is embellished with pieces of glass, pearls, and gold foil. Finally, bright colors are applied to the figures in the painting.

Has Thanjavur painting received any formal recognition?

Yes, Thanjavur painting was recognized as a Geographical Indication by the Government of India in 2007-08, acknowledging its unique cultural and historical importance and protecting it as a heritage art form.

These FAQs provide a comprehensive overview of Thanjavur painting, highlighting its history, characteristics, and cultural significance.



SRIRAM's




Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
Top ten most populous countries as of 2024:
 
Curiosity rover of NASA :
 
Nitrogen Pollution in Indian Agriculture
 
Indian Vulture Decline and Conservation Efforts
 
Just Transition in India:Climate change
 
GINI COEFFICIENT and INDIA
 
INDIA'S EMPLOYMENT CRISIS
 
KARNATAKA STATE EMPLOYMENT OF LOCAL CANDIDATES BILL, 2024
 
STATES AND SCHEDULED CASTES LIST
 
CHANDIPURA VIRUS IN GUJARATQ:
 
YSMS TECHNOLOGYand MILITANCY IN JAMMU
 
RESERVATION IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR
 
INDIA and INVESTOR-STATE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT (ISDS)
 
BORDER MANAGEMENT
 
RUPEE DEVALUATION AND THE J-CURVE EFFECT