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TARKHANWALA DERA: THE LOST HARAPPAN SITE



  Apr 12, 2024

TARKHANWALA DERA: THE LOST HARAPPAN SITE



What is Tarkhanwala Dera?

Tarkhanwala Dera is an archaeological site located on the right bank of the Ghaggar River in Anupgarh tehsil of Sri Ganganagar district, Rajasthan, India. It was identified as a unique settlement related to the Harappan Civilization, strategically located along ancient trade routes.

Why is Tarkhanwala Dera significant?

The site is significant for its strategic location and for providing evidence of a Mature Harappan settlement that existed around 2600 to 1900 BCE. Its discovery contributed valuable insights into the Harappan Civilization, especially in the context of trade and urbanization patterns.

What were the major findings at Tarkhanwala Dera?

Key findings from the site included Harappan pottery, artefacts, and structures such as brick platforms linked to human cremations. The 2003-2004 excavations unearthed mud-brick structures, potter’s kilns, and fire altars, suggesting a sophisticated yet modest habitation.

What challenges did Tarkhanwala Dera face?

The site faced significant threats from modern development, including damage from a nearby brick kiln and a state highway. By 2003, much of the site had been destroyed, and continued encroachment led to the loss of the site by 2024.

How did authorities respond to the threats to Tarkhanwala Dera?

Despite being recognized and protected by the government, Tarkhanwala Dera succumbed to encroachment and industrial activity. Efforts by archaeologists to document and excavate the site could not prevent its eventual disappearance.

What does the loss of Tarkhanwala Dera signify?

The loss of Tarkhanwala Dera highlights the challenges of preserving archaeological sites in the face of modern development and encroachment. It serves as a reminder of the importance of protecting cultural heritage for future understanding and study.


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