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SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY AND AI



  Jun 04, 2024

SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY AND AI:



Generative Biology


What is Synthetic Biology?
Synthetic biology involves the design and construction of new biological parts, devices, and systems. It also includes the re-design of existing natural biological systems for useful purposes. This field aims to make biology easier to engineer by applying engineering principles to biological research and innovation.

Pioneering Change with Generative Biology
Multiple disciplines have given rise to synthetic biology, but a significant transformation is now underway with the convergence of advanced technologies. A key driver of this change is the application of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms and machine learning tools to biological applications. This approach, known as “generative biology,” is changing how we interface with biology and the outcomes it can provide.

Advantages of Generative Biology
Generative biology promises to speed up the development of commercial outcomes, benefiting humanity and the planet. Innovations could lead to uniquely tailored pharmaceuticals, rapidly administered to patients, or environmental solutions that degrade and valorize waste within hours.

Rapid Progress and Impact
There has been rapid progress, with thousands of new papers and AI biology tools emerging every month. Advances translate into real benefits for people and the planet. For instance, atmospheric carbon dioxide and energy from green electricity and hydrogen can now be transformed into chemicals and new protein-rich foods. Additionally, China and Japan are committing to billion-dollar investments in this area.

Scaling the Impact
Companies are developing new ways to make and dye textiles that avoid the negative environmental impacts of current practices. Innovations that combine computer programming and synthetic biology are transforming patient outcomes with sophisticated biological engineering approaches.

Challenges and Opportunities
Despite greater investment and technological advancements, synthetic biology is far from delivering all it has promised. Challenges include regulatory uncertainty, high costs, and time to commercialize. However, as generative biology delivers increasing commercial successes across various application areas, business cases will become stronger, investments will flow, and more businesses will adopt biology as their core commercial technology.

Future Prospects
Generative biology has the potential to revolutionize various sectors. It can lead to a flourishing planet, restored ecosystems, personalized healthcare solutions, sustainable manufacturing of fuels, chemicals, and materials, and significant advancements in information technology. The ongoing transformation driven by biology will require heightened efforts and increased time to unlock the tech-driven bioeconomy and transition industries away from traditional processes.

Conclusion
The promise of synthetic and generative biology is vast, offering new solutions to planetary and human-centric challenges. As these technologies continue to evolve and gain traction, they hold the potential to deliver a better future for all.



SRIRAM’s



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