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Swaminathan Commission and MSP Guidelines



  Feb 17, 2024

Swaminathan Commission and MSP Guidelines



What did the Swaminathan Commission recommend for MSP?

The National Commission on Farmers, led by Prof. M.S. Swaminathan, recommended that the Minimum Support Price (MSP) should be set at a minimum of 50% more than the weighted average cost of production to ensure a fair return for farmers.

Why is the Swaminathan Commission’s recommendation significant?

The recommendation is significant because it aims to safeguard farmers against the volatility of agricultural markets and ensures their economic viability.

How is MSP calculated according to the Swaminathan Commission?

The MSP calculation, as per the Commission, should take into account various costs incurred by farmers, including the cost of seed, labor, irrigation, fertilizers, land revenue, and a reasonable margin for farmers.

Have the Swaminathan Commission’s recommendations on MSP been implemented?

While some recommendations have been implemented, the full implementation, especially the legal guarantee of MSP at the recommended levels, has not been fully realized.

What impact has the lack of MSP guarantee had on farmers?

The absence of a legal MSP guarantee has led to uncertainties and insecurities among farmers, driving nationwide protests for the enactment of laws that secure their income.

What are the government’s current efforts regarding MSP?

The government has made efforts to increase MSP for various crops; however, there is ongoing debate and demand for a legal mandate to enforce the Swaminathan Commission’s recommendations.

How do recent farm laws relate to the Swaminathan Commission’s MSP recommendations?

Recent farm laws, which were later repealed due to protests, did not directly address the MSP recommendations of the Swaminathan Commission. The protests were partly due to this omission.

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