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SRIRAM's IAS CIVIL SERVICES UPDATES 20/5/24:The Hindu



  May 21, 2024

SRIRAM's IAS CIVIL SERVICES UPDATES 20/5/24:The Hindu



1. IRAN PRESIDENT RAISI DIES FOLLOWING HELICOPTER ACCIDENT

   - Summary: President Ebrahim Raisi of Iran is dead after his helicopter crashed in the Jolfa region amid poor weather conditions. The incident, which also involved Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, has triggered a full-scale search operation. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has called for national calm, assuring that governmental operations will continue uninterrupted.

2. LION-TAILED MACAQUES ADAPTING TO URBAN AREAS

   - Summary: Lion-tailed macaques, native to the Western Ghats of India, are increasingly venturing into urban areas due to food scarcity in their natural habitats. This shift poses risks such as vehicle collisions and conflicts with humans, highlighting the urgent need for conservation efforts like canopy corridors and enhanced waste management practices.

3. THREE-DAY ELEPHANT CENSUS IN SOUTHERN INDIA

   - Summary: Southern Indian states including Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh are conducting a three-day elephant census to address human-wildlife conflicts and promote conservation. The census will employ methods like block count sampling, dung count, and waterhole counts to estimate the elephant population accurately.

4.  WHO BACTERIAL PATHOGENS PRIORITY LIST

   - Summary: The World Health Organization has updated its Bacterial Pathogens Priority List to better combat antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The list categorizes bacteria based on their resistance levels and threat to public health, guiding global efforts in research, surveillance, and development of new antibiotics.

5. TARGETING PROFITS OF ORGANISED CRIME

   - Summary: Targeting the financial operations of organized crime is crucial for disrupting their activities. Leaders from FATF, Interpol, and UNODC emphasize the need for robust measures to prevent money laundering and the financing of terrorism, underscoring the role of international cooperation in combating these global threats.

6. FATF, INTERPOL, AND UNODC: GUARDIANS AGAINST GLOBAL CRIME

   - Summary: The Financial Action Task Force, Interpol, and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime play pivotal roles in the international fight against organized crime and corruption. By setting standards and facilitating collaboration, these organizations work to enhance global security and justice.

7.  THE EUROPEAN UNION'S INVESTIGATION INTO FACEBOOK AND INSTAGRAM

   - Summary: The European Union is investigating Facebook and Instagram for potentially harmful impacts on minors, questioning whether the platforms' recommendation algorithms expose children to addictive and inappropriate content. This probe is part of the broader enforcement of the Digital Services Act aiming to protect online users.

8. WHY RATE CUTS BY THE RESERVE BANK OF INDIA REMAIN ELUSIVE

   - Summary: Despite lower inflation forecasts, the Reserve Bank of India is cautious about rate cuts due to high credit growth and uncertain global economic conditions. The central bank is monitoring factors like monsoon outcomes and international interest rate trends before making adjustments.

9. UNDERSTANDING THE WORLD WATER FORUM: A CRUCIAL CONVERGENCE FOR GLOBAL WATER ISSUES

   - Summary: The World Water Forum is a critical platform where global water challenges are addressed through international cooperation. Held every three years, the forum fosters discussions on sustainable water management practices and innovative solutions to ensure water security worldwide.



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