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What is the current situation in the South China Sea?
The South China Sea is witnessing escalating tensions due to China's military presence in the region, particularly in disputed waters.
How has China militarized the South China Sea?
China has built and fortified military bases on artificial islands in the South China Sea.
These bases include runways for fighter jets, radar domes, and warehouses for missiles.
Why is this significant?
The South China Sea is a vital waterway for global trade, with one-third of all ocean trade passing through it.
China's militarization threatens regional stability and international navigation.
What is the international response?
The international community, including the United States, has expressed concerns about China's actions.
The Permanent Court of Arbitration ruled in 2016 that some of these areas belong to other countries, but China has disregarded this ruling.
Are there potential risks of conflict?
Yes, there is a growing risk of a confrontation between China and other countries, including the United States.
This comes at a time when global tensions are already high.
How does this affect regional countries?
Southeast Asian fishermen have been forced to abandon traditional fishing grounds due to China's actions, putting pressure on their governments.
The future of people of Indian origin in Canada, who depend on inward remittances from relatives, is uncertain.
What should be done to ease tensions?
Diplomatic efforts, open communication, and adherence to international law are essential to reduce tensions.
Both China and the international community must prioritize peaceful solutions.
The South China Sea, rich in fish and believed to hold vast oil and gas reserves, hosts over half of the world's fishing vessels.
China's expansive claims, including sovereignty over land and adjacent waters, have triggered disputes with the Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Brunei.
China's actions include island-building️ and naval patrols. In 2012, China seized Scarborough Shoal, affecting Philippine fishermen, and tensions persist at Second Thomas Shoal