BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

India's Shift from Poverty to Human Development



  Sep 12, 2023

Shifting from Poverty Alleviation to Human Development: India's New Vision


Introduction: India's developmental approach has long been centered on lifting people out of poverty, as defined by the Tendulkar poverty line. However, the changing global landscape and India's own progress necessitate a shift towards addressing multidimensional poverty and deprivation comprehensively. This analysis explores the need for this transition and examines key measures, including NITI Aayog's Multidimensional Poverty Index and welfare initiatives.
 
1. Raising the Bar for Empowerment: As India continues to experience robust economic growth, the focus must extend beyond eradicating extreme poverty. The shift entails empowering individuals with access to nutrition, housing, healthcare, and education, aligning with India's vision of fostering a more equitable international order.
 
2. NITI Aayog's Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): The NITI Aayog's MPI is a critical tool in assessing multidimensional poverty, moving beyond income-based criteria. It encompasses various dimensions such as health, education, and living standards, providing a more comprehensive view of poverty.
 
3. McKinsey's Empowerment Line: Global consultancy McKinsey advocates transitioning from the $2.15-per-day extreme poverty line to a $12-per-day empowerment line. Achieving this involves investments in human development, infrastructure, and well-being.
 
4. Financial Commitments and Sustainable Growth: To facilitate this transition globally, the economy must allocate $37 trillion by 2030. Sustainable and environmentally friendly economic growth is crucial to prevent the negative impacts of climate change, ensuring long-term well-being.
 
5. Bridging the Gap: While progress has been made in reducing multidimensional poverty, a significant proportion of the global population still faces deprivation. Bridging this gap necessitates policy changes and targeted investments.
 
6. Nurturing India's Role and Responsibility: India, with its substantial population and unique challenges, plays a pivotal role in the global effort. Leveraging its high economic growth rate, India must balance development with environmental sustainability, fostering an inclusive and empowered society.
 
7. Welfare Measures and Human Development: India's journey involves comprehensive welfare measures and investments in human development. Initiatives such as the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) and the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) address multiple dimensions of poverty, including housing and employment.
 
Conclusion: India's shift from poverty alleviation to holistic development aligns with global trends. Embracing measures like the NITI Aayog's MPI and welfare initiatives, the country can prioritize economic growth, human development, and environmental sustainability. Effective leadership, public awareness, and targeted investments in healthcare, education, and skill development will be vital to achieving this transformative vision.


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
INDIA’S CAPITAL MARKET REFORMS
 
ENERGY EFFICIENCY SERVICES LIMITED (EESL)
 
INDIA’S NEED FOR BATTERY STORAGE IN ENERGY TRANSITION
 
DEDICATED FREIGHT CORRIDORS
 
Committee for Base Year Revision of CPI and WPI Price Indices
 
Preserving India’s Ecological Treasures: Biodiversity Heritage Sites
 
Senna Spectabilis: The Invasive Species
 
India Maritime Centre
 
Two faces of the moon and Change 6
 
Sindhu Sarasvati and Indus Sarasvati Civilisation
 
Ladakh's Ancient Rock Art:
 
PARAMARA DYNASTY: CULTURAL CONTRIBUTIONS AND LEGACY
 
PARAMARA DYNASTY: INDIAN HISTORY
 
Circadian Rhythms
 
Morning Sunlight and Circadian Rhythms