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India's Seagrass Beds: Vital Ecosystems & Economic Assets



  Nov 01, 2023

Seagrass beds



They are underwater ecosystems that consist of various species of seagrasses. They are important coastal habitats that provide a range of ecological and economic benefits.
Seagrass beds in India are found along its extensive coastline, especially in regions like the Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and the Lakshadweep Islands.

Here are some key points about seagrass beds in India:

1. Biodiversity: Seagrass beds are rich in biodiversity and support a variety of marine species, including fish, crabs, and seahorses. They serve as nursery grounds for many commercially important fish species.

2. Coastal Protection: Seagrass beds play a crucial role in stabilizing coastlines by reducing erosion. Their dense root systems help bind sediments and protect shorelines from wave action.

3. Carbon Sequestration: Seagrasses are excellent carbon sinks, capturing and storing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. They are vital in mitigating climate change.

4. Economic Importance: These ecosystems contribute to the livelihoods of coastal communities by supporting fisheries and tourism-related activities.

5. Conservation: Conservation efforts are essential to protect seagrass beds, as they are threatened by factors such as coastal development, pollution, and climate change. Initiatives to conserve these habitats are underway in India.

6. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs): Some seagrass beds in India are located within marine protected areas to ensure their conservation and sustainable use.

It’s important to note that seagrass ecosystems are fragile and require careful management and protection to maintain their ecological and economic significance. Conservation efforts and scientific research are ongoing to better understand and safeguard these valuable coastal habitats in India.


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