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Sea Ice Impact on India's Climate



  Mar 27, 2024

Sea Ice: Crucial Climate Player and its Impact on India


In recent observations, the Arctic sea ice extent for February 2024 was reported at 14.61 million square kilometers, which is below the 1981 to 2010 average. This reflects the ongoing trend of sea ice reduction in the context of climate change. The dynamics of sea ice are complex, involving growth and melt processes, and its movement can be classified as either fast ice, which is attached to the shoreline, or drift ice, which floats freely and moves with ocean currents.
 

 

Sea ice, particularly in the Arctic, has implications for weather patterns in India. Research indicates a correlation between Arctic sea ice extent and the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall (ISMR), which is vital for the region’s water supply. A reduction in Arctic sea ice is linked to more frequent extreme ISMR events, causing significant flooding and socio-economic impacts in India.
 

Moreover, the diminishing Arctic sea ice may affect upper-level atmospheric circulation, potentially leading to heavier monsoon rains in central India during September. This connection demonstrates the global influence of sea ice changes and the importance of understanding these dynamics for improved weather forecasting and climate impact studies in India. For in-depth information, consulting specialized studies and reports on this subject is recommended


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