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SC Judgment: Climate Change & Indian Bustard



  Apr 16, 2024

SC Judgment: Climate Change & Indian Bustard


The Supreme Court of India has made a landmark judgment in a case titled M K Ranjitsinh & Ors versus Union of India & Ors. This case was about the protection of two critically endangered bird species, the Great Indian Bustard (GIB) and the Lesser Florican, both of which are listed under Part III of Schedule I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
 

In this judgment, the Supreme Court expanded the scope of Article 14 (right to equality before the law) and Article 21 (right to life) of the Indian Constitution to include the “right against the adverse effects of climate change”. This means that people have the fundamental right to be free from the impact of climate change.
 

This judgment is significant as it strengthens the legal foundation for the recognition of this right in the Indian context and could have far-reaching implications for environmental conservation and climate change mitigation efforts. It also underscores the urgent need for targeted conservation actions to prevent the Great Indian Bustard from becoming functionally extinct.


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