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SAMAR Air Defence System: Advanced Security Shield



  Feb 03, 2024

SAMAR Air Defence System



What is the SAMAR system?

The Surface to Air Missile for Assured Retaliation (SAMAR) is a road-mobile, short-range air defence system developed by the Indian Air Force (IAF) to engage and neutralize low-flying aerial threats, including fighter jets, helicopters, and UAVs.

Who developed the SAMAR system?

The SAMAR system was developed by the IAF's Maintenance Command in collaboration with Indian private sector companies, Simran Flowtech Industries and Yamazuki Denki.

What type of missiles does the SAMAR system use?

It employs refurbished and reprogrammed Vympel R-73 and R-27 air-to-air missiles, originally of Russian origin, adapted for surface-to-air missions.

How far can the SAMAR system engage targets?

The SAMAR-1 variant has an effective range of 12 kilometers for engaging aerial targets.

Can the SAMAR system launch missiles in salvo mode?

Yes, the SAMAR system is capable of launching missiles in both single and salvo modes, depending on the tactical situation.

What makes the SAMAR system significant for the IAF?

The SAMAR system enhances the IAF's air defence capabilities by providing a quick-reaction, flexible, and effective solution against aerial threats. It also represents a step forward in India's indigenous defence technology development.

Will the SAMAR system replace existing air defence systems?

Yes, the SAMAR system is intended to replace the IAF's older Pechora air defence systems, offering improved performance and technology.

What are the key components of the SAMAR system?

The system comprises launch beams, a fire-control unit, electronic control unit, and auxiliary units including a self-loading knuckle crane, power supply system, and a servo mechanism feedback unit.

When was the SAMAR system inducted into the IAF?

The SAMAR system was officially inducted into the Indian Air Force on December 20, 2023.

What is the strategic importance of the SAMAR system?

The SAMAR system's induction underlines India's focus on enhancing its air defence readiness and its commitment to developing indigenous defence technology, reducing reliance on foreign imports.


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