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Rukhmabai Raut: Pioneer of Women's Rights in Colonial India



  Feb 19, 2024

Rukhmabai Raut



1. Who was Rukhmabai Raut?

Rukhmabai Raut was a pioneering woman in Indian history, recognized for her role in the fight against child marriage and for being one of the first practicing female doctors in British India.

2. What was the Rukhmabai case?

The Rukhmabai case, or the Dadaji vs. Rukhmabai case, was a landmark legal battle in colonial India that centered around Rukhmabai’s refusal to live with her husband, Dadaji Bhikaji, whom she was married to at the age of 11. The case highlighted the issues of child marriage and women’s rights to consent and education.

3. What was the outcome of Rukhmabai’s legal battle?

The legal battle concluded with the British government’s intervention, leading to the enactment of the Age of Consent Act, 1891, which raised the age of consent from ten to twelve years, thereby marking a significant step towards reform in social practices in British India.

4. How did Rukhmabai contribute to the field of medicine?

After her legal battle, Rukhmabai went on to study medicine in England, becoming the first female practitioner of Western medicine in India. She worked as a doctor for over 35 years, focusing on women’s health, and played a crucial role in advancing medical practices and women’s education in India.

5. Why is Rukhmabai considered a pioneer in women’s rights in India?

Rukhmabai is considered a pioneer in women’s rights for her defiance against the oppressive practices of child marriage and her advocacy for women’s education and independence. Her legal battle and subsequent career in medicine paved the way for future generations of Indian women to pursue education and careers, making her a symbol of resilience and empowerment.

6. What impact did Rukhmabai’s case have on Indian society?

Rukhmabai’s case had a profound impact on Indian society by bringing the issues of child marriage and women’s rights to the forefront. It sparked a debate among reformers and traditionalists, leading to legal reforms that aimed at protecting women and children’s rights. Her courage and determination inspired many and contributed to the gradual shift towards more progressive social norms.

Rukhmabai’s story remains an enduring legacy in the history of women’s rights in India, symbolizing the power of individual action in driving societal change. Her life and work continue to inspire those advocating for gender equality and social reform.

SRIRAM’s


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