BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Red Sanders Trade: India's Sustainable Strategy



  Nov 21, 2023

Red Sanders Trade and Conservation in India



India’s Green Light for Red Sanders Trade

India has been permitted to trade Red Sanders (Red Sandalwood) from plantations, a development following the International Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding’s findings that unique climatic and geological factors contribute to the tree’s limited natural distribution.

Global Distribution and Importing Nations

The Red Sanders species, covering 82% of the wild area, is endemic to the Southern Eastern Ghats of India. Key importing countries include:

Europe: Germany, France, Netherlands, UK, Italy

West Asia: Israel, Saudi Arabia, UAE

East Asia: China, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore

Harvesting and Ecological Impact

The tree prefers shallow brown soil and requires hot and dry climates. Plantations can harvest Red Sanders in about 30 years, while natural populations take 70-80 years to reach a significant girth.

CITES Delisting and Sustainable Trade

CITES has removed India from the ‘Review of Significant Trade’ list, acknowledging the country’s efforts since 1976 to regulate trade and conserve the naturally growing species, thus allowing India to export plantation-grown Red Sanders.

Conservation Efforts and Regulatory Challenges

Despite protections, illegal harvesting continues, posing a threat to the species. The government has established quotas for exports based on the Non-Detrimental Finding (NDF) reports submitted on its cultivation.

Government Initiatives for Red Sanders

The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) notes that CITES’ decision will bolster farming, particularly in states like Gujarat, where Red Sanders has been successfully cultivated.

India’s strides in Red Sanders conservation, accompanied by enhanced trade opportunities, reflect a commitment to sustainable use and the strengthening of regulatory frameworks to protect this valuable species.


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
Shahpur Kandi Barrage and Water Allocation
 
Explainer:Selection of Astronauts for Gaganyaan Mission
 
Understanding the Household Consumption Expenditure Survey 2024
 
Obelisks: New Discoveries in Human Microbiomes
 
Discovering Obelisks: A New Form of Life
 
India’s Milestone: Completing the ‘10,000 Genome’ Project
 
Wildlife Conflicts in Western Ghats
 
NaMo Drone Didi Initiative
 
Dwarka: Unveiling History and Myth
 
Indian Gharial in Kaziranga
 
Benthic Predators: Masters of the Ocean Floor
 
Guitarfish in India: Conservation and Habitat
 
India's Water Crisis: A Challenge and Path Forward
 
Understanding “Woke”: A Brief History
 
Comprehensive Land Management Policies