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RBI, Bank Indonesia MoU: Local Currency Transactions



  Mar 07, 2024

RBI and Bank Indonesia Sign MoU for Local Currency Use in Bilateral Transactions



The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Bank Indonesia have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to foster the use of their local currencies, the Indian Rupee (INR) and Indonesian Rupiah (IDR), for cross-border transactions. Signed by RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das and Bank Indonesia Governor Perry Warjiyo on March 7, 2024, this agreement aims to streamline and optimize cross-border financial operations between India and Indonesia.
 

Key Points of the MoU:

Promotion of Local Currencies: The agreement is centered around the use of INR and IDR in bilateral transactions to reduce reliance on third-party currencies.
Scope of Transactions: It encompasses all current and permissible capital account transactions, along with other economic and financial dealings mutually agreed upon by both nations.
Benefits for Trade: The use of domestic currencies is expected to cut costs and settlement times for exporters and importers, facilitating smoother trade between the two countries.
Development of Forex Market: The initiative will also contribute to the creation of an INR-IDR foreign exchange market, further supporting trade and investment flows between India and Indonesia.

This MoU is part of the RBI’s broader strategy to enhance the international use of the INR, as evidenced by similar agreements with other countries, including a notable MoU with the Central Bank of the UAE in July 2023 for promoting the use of local currencies and linking payment systems.
 

Comparative Analysis:

The RBI’s agreement with Bank Indonesia follows a similar pattern to its previous arrangements with other countries, aiming to bolster the INR’s global position, simplify cross-border transactions, and reduce exchange rate risks. These agreements reflect a growing trend among nations to facilitate trade and financial transactions in their national currencies, moving away from traditional reliance on major global currencies like the USD.

This strategic move not only enhances trade efficiency between the signing nations but also aligns with broader economic goals such as reducing transaction costs, minimizing dependency on global currency markets, and fostering closer financial cooperation.
 

Implications for Civil Services Examination:

Understanding the significance of such MoUs in the context of international finance, trade relations, and economic strategy is crucial for civil services aspirants. It highlights India’s proactive measures in establishing stronger economic ties globally and the strategic importance of promoting the INR in international transactions. Aspirants should analyze the economic, geopolitical, and financial implications of these agreements, along with their impact on bilateral relations and the global financial landscape.

SRIRAM’s


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