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RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY: THE REFORMIST AND EDUCATIONIST



  Apr 20, 2024

RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY: THE REFORMIST AND EDUCATIONIST



Who was Raja Ram Mohan Roy?

Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a prominent Indian social reformer and the founder of the Brahmo Samaj. He is often called the "Father of the Indian Renaissance" for his role in promoting social and educational reforms in India during the early 19th century. He was born on May 22, 1772, in Radhanagar, Hooghly, Bengal.

What was significant about Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s letter to Lord Amherst in 1823?

In his 1823 letter to Lord Amherst, the then Governor-General of India, Raja Ram Mohan Roy criticized the traditional Sanskrit education system and advocated for the introduction of English education in India. He argued that the existing system kept the country in "darkness" and that English education would bring a more liberal and enlightened system of instruction, promoting scientific knowledge and intellectual development.

What was Raja Ram Mohan Roy's role in educational reform?

Raja Ram Mohan Roy is credited with laying the foundation for modern English education in India. His advocacy for English education influenced the educational policy changes that were later implemented by the British, notably in Lord Macaulay’s Minute on Indian Education in 1835. Roy believed that English education would enable Indians to learn scientific and technical knowledge necessary for social and economic advancement.

How did Raja Ram Mohan Roy contribute to journalism?

Roy was a pioneering figure in Indian journalism; he founded two journals: "Sambad Kaumudi," a Bengali weekly in 1821, and "Mirat-ul-Akbar," a Persian newspaper in 1822. Through his newspapers, Roy sought to spread educational and social reform ideas, encouraging discussions and raising awareness about contemporary issues and the need for education.

What other social reforms did Raja Ram Mohan Roy advocate for?

Besides his efforts in education, Raja Ram Mohan Roy is best known for his campaign against the practices of sati (the tradition of burning widows on their husbands' funeral pyres) and child marriage. His efforts led to the eventual banning of sati by the British government in 1829. He also pushed for the rights of women, including their right to inherit property and to remarry, as part of his broader agenda for social reform in India.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy's visionary ideas and relentless advocacy for education and social reform profoundly influenced the course of modern Indian history, shaping the social and cultural landscape of the nation. His work laid the groundwork for future generations in the movement towards a more progressive and enlightened society.



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