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QUAD AND SQUAD: THEIR ROLES IN REGIONAL SECURITY



  May 29, 2024

QUAD AND SQUAD: THEIR ROLES IN REGIONAL SECURITY



Emergence of the ‘Squad’

Following the successful US-Japan-Philippines trilateral summit and joint maritime patrols in the South China Sea, a new group called the ‘Squad’ has formed. This group, consisting of the United States, Japan, Australia, and the Philippines, aims to counterbalance China’s influence amid territorial disputes with the Philippines.

Importance of the Quad

Despite the emergence of the Squad, the Quad (Australia, India, Japan, and the US) remains central to regional security. While the Squad offers a localized response to the South China Sea situation, the Quad’s broader Indo-Pacific strategy continues to be crucial.

Challenges Faced by the Quad

The Quad has faced challenges such as the postponement of its New Delhi summit and India’s foreign policy choices, including its stance on the Russia-Ukraine conflict and trade ties with Russia. However, these developments have not diminished the Quad’s cohesion or importance.

India’s Unique Position

India’s role within the Quad is distinct, as it is not a US treaty ally and does not receive direct military support from other members. This position, combined with its strategic alignment and defense needs, complicates its role but also underscores its significance in regional security dynamics.

Future of the Quad

The future of the Quad hinges on two key developments: the outcome of India’s elections and the timing and agenda of the next Quad summit. If Prime Minister Narendra Modi is re-elected, the Quad is expected to gain more traction within Indian policy circles.

Enhancing the Quad

The Quad’s composition could be enhanced by including nations like the Philippines and South Korea to better address evolving regional dynamics.

Conclusion

While the Squad complements existing minilaterals, the Quad’s role, particularly with an active Indian presence, remains irreplaceable in maintaining regional security and stability.


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