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Public Accounts Committee (PAC):



  Jun 13, 2024

Public Accounts Committee (PAC):



Q: What is the Public Accounts Committee (PAC)?

A: The PAC is the oldest parliamentary committee in India, established in 1921 to examine government accounts and expenditure.

Q: Who chairs the PAC?

A: The PAC is chaired by a member of the Opposition in Lok Sabha, a convention established in 1967.

Q: How is the PAC constituted?

A: The PAC consists of 22 members: 15 from Lok Sabha and 7 from Rajya Sabha, elected annually based on proportional representation.

Q: What are the functions of the PAC?

A: The PAC examines government accounts, appropriation of funds, and reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India. It ensures the legality, propriety, and efficiency of government expenditure.

Q: What does the PAC scrutinize?

A: The PAC scrutinizes Appropriation Accounts, Finance Accounts, reports of the CAG, and accounts of state corporations, autonomous bodies, etc.

Q: Can the PAC summon ministers?

A: No, the PAC cannot summon ministers, but it can call officials to give evidence related to the examination of estimates and accounts.

Q: What is the role of the CAG in the PAC's functioning?

A: The CAG is considered the "friend, philosopher, and guide" of the PAC. The CAG attends PAC meetings and assists in its work.

Q: How does the PAC ensure accountability of the executive to Parliament?

A: The PAC examines the government's Action Taken Reports on its recommendations, ensuring that the executive takes appropriate measures based on the committee's findings.



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