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Trailblazing Leadership: PM Usha's Impact and Achievements



  Aug 16, 2023

PM-USHA


Q1: What are the NEP reforms that have been earmarked?

A1: The NEP (National Education Policy) reforms include changes to improve the quality of higher education in State universities. These reforms encompass curricular and program changes, teacher training, enhancement of physical and digital infrastructure, accreditation, and the promotion of employability skills.
 

Q2: What is PM-USHA and what does it entail?

A2: PM-USHA stands for the Prime Minister's Unnat Shiksha Abhiyan, which is a scheme aimed at enhancing the quality of higher education in State universities. It encompasses various aspects such as curriculum improvements, teacher training, infrastructure development (both physical and digital), accreditation, and measures to enhance students' employability. It has a budget allocation of ₹12,926.1 crore for the period between 2023-24 and 2025-26.
 

Q3: Why is the MoU being signed?

A3: The MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) is being signed to indicate the willingness of the States and Union Territories to participate in the PM-USHA scheme. Signing the MoU demonstrates their commitment to implementing the National Education Policy, 2020, which is a requirement to receive funding of approximately ₹13,000 crore over the next three years for their state-run higher education institutions.
 

Q4: Why have some states raised concerns about the MoU?

A4: Several states, especially those not governed by the BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party), have expressed concerns about the MoU. This is due to the stipulation that 40% of the budget for the Pradhan Mantri Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (PM-USHA) must be funded by the states themselves. The additional funds required by the states could be a point of contention.
 

Q5: Which states have not signed the MoU yet?

A5: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal are among the 14 states and Union Territories that have not yet signed the crucial MoU with the Union Education Ministry for the implementation of the National Education Policy, 2020. This MoU is necessary to secure the funding of nearly ₹13,000 crore for state-run higher education institutions over the next three years.
 
The provided information highlights the challenges and discussions surrounding the implementation of education reforms, especially the National Education Policy, and the concerns raised by some states regarding the funding mechanism for these reforms.


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