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Periyar River: Lifeline of Kerala



  Mar 16, 2024

Periyar River, Kerala



What is the significance of the Periyar River in Kerala?

The Periyar River holds immense significance in Kerala for several reasons:

Primary Water Source: It is known as the 'Lifeline of Kerala,' being one of the few perennial rivers in the state, providing essential water for drinking, agriculture, and industrial purposes.

Ecological Importance: The river flows through the Periyar National Park, one of Kerala's prominent wildlife sanctuaries, supporting a diverse range of flora and fauna.

Economic Impact: The Periyar River is crucial for various economic activities, including agriculture, fishing, and hydroelectric power generation, contributing significantly to the state's economy.
 
Where does the Periyar River originate?

The Periyar River originates from the Sivagiri hills of the Western Ghats, located in Tamil Nadu. After its source, it flows westward into the state of Kerala, traversing through various districts before emptying into the Arabian Sea.
 
How long is the Periyar River?

The Periyar River is approximately 244 kilometers long, making it the longest river in the state of Kerala. Its extensive course plays a vital role in the state's water resource management.
 
What are the main tributaries of the Periyar River?

The main tributaries of the Periyar River include:

Muthirapuzha
Mullayar
Cheruthoni
Perinjankutti
These tributaries contribute to the Periyar River's flow and enhance its capacity to support the diverse needs of the regions it traverses.
 
What is the ecological importance of the Periyar River?

The ecological importance of the Periyar River is highlighted by its flow through the Periyar National Park, which is a significant biodiversity hotspot in Kerala. The river's ecosystem supports a variety of plant and animal life, including several endangered species. It plays a critical role in maintaining the ecological balance and supporting conservation efforts in the region.
 
How does the Periyar River benefit the people of Kerala?

The Periyar River benefits the people of Kerala in multiple ways:

Drinking Water: It is a vital source of drinking water for several districts.
Agriculture: The river's water is used for irrigating crops, supporting the state's agricultural sector.
Energy Production: The river hosts several hydroelectric power stations, contributing to Kerala's energy supply.
Tourism: The scenic beauty and wildlife along the river attract tourists, boosting the local economy.


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