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Pal-Dadhvav Massacre and Eki Movement



  Mar 16, 2024

Pal-Dadhvav Massacre and Eki Movement


What is the Pal-Dadhvav Massacre?

The Pal-Dadhvav massacre refers to a tragic event that occurred in the villages of Pal-Chitariya and Dadhvav in the Sabarkantha district, then part of the Idar state (now Gujarat), India. On March 7, 1922, a large group of villagers who had gathered on the banks of the river Heir as part of the Eki Movement were fired upon by forces under the orders of local rulers, resulting in numerous casualties. This event is remembered for the brutal crackdown on peaceful protesters advocating for social and economic rights.
 

What was the Eki Movement?

The Eki Movement was a social reform and anti-colonial movement led by Motilal Tejawat in the early 20th century. It aimed at uniting the tribal and rural communities against the oppressive policies of the local rulers and the British colonial administration. The movement sought to address issues of high taxes, forced labor, and other forms of exploitation. The term "Eki" signifies unity, symbolizing the movement's goal to bring together various communities to fight against injustice.
 

Who was Motilal Tejawat?

Motilal Tejawat was a prominent leader of the Eki Movement, instrumental in mobilizing the tribal and rural populations in the Sabarkantha district and surrounding areas against oppressive policies. His leadership and advocacy for the rights of marginalized communities made him a significant figure in the struggle against colonial and feudal exploitation in early 20th century India.
 

Why is the Pal-Dadhvav Massacre significant?

The Pal-Dadhvav massacre is significant as it represents a critical moment in the history of resistance against colonial and feudal oppression in India. The massacre exposed the violent lengths to which authorities would go to suppress movements for social and economic justice. It also highlighted the courage and resilience of the rural and tribal communities in their fight for their rights, contributing to the broader narrative of India's struggle for independence.
 

How did the government of Gujarat commemorate the 100 years of the Pal-Dadhvav Massacre?

On March 7, 2022, the government of Gujarat commemorated the 100th anniversary of the Pal-Dadhvav massacre by paying tribute to the victims and recognizing the historical significance of the event. The commemoration served as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the villagers and the importance of remembering the struggle for justice and rights that was part of the broader anti-colonial movement in India.


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