Painted Grey Ware (PGW), with its hallmark grey color and painted motifs, was first discovered at Ahichchhatra in Bareilly in 1944. Subsequent findings of PGW have spanned a range of sites including Hastinapur, Alamgirpur, Atranjikhera, Noh, Rupar, Bhagwanpura, Chak 86, Kampil, and Gosna. These sites highlight the extensive distribution and cultural significance of PGW, traditionally dated between 1000 and 600 BCE.
PGW's fine fabric and consistent quality, achieved through precise clay preparation and advanced kilning techniques, indicate a high degree of technological sophistication. The artifacts suggest a phase of cultural and economic development across the Ganga plain, reflecting the rural lifestyle and emerging urban centers of the time.
Recent findings at Kampil and Gosna, which align chronologically with the Harappan civilization, have added a layer of complexity to the understanding of PGW's origins and diffusion. This evidence points to a potentially earlier and broader cultural context for PGW than previously recognized, inviting further research into its historical significance and the technological evolution of the era.
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