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Odisha's Model of Disaster Management



  Apr 08, 2024

Odisha's Model of Disaster Management



Understanding Odisha's Evolution in Disaster Management


1. What triggered Odisha's focus on disaster management?

The Super Cyclone in 1999, which affected around 18 million people and led to over 10,000 fatalities, marked a significant turning point in Odisha's approach to disaster management.

2. What is Odisha's goal in disaster management?

Odisha set a formidable goal of achieving 'zero-human casualties' in future disasters, reflecting its commitment to safeguarding lives against natural calamities.

3. How did Odisha become a pioneer in disaster management?

Following the 1999 Super Cyclone, Odisha established the first state disaster management authority in India, even before the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) came into being in 2005.

4. What strategies does Odisha employ for effective disaster management?

Odisha's model includes community-centered preparedness, massive evacuation efforts in the face of cyclones, mock drills, and the construction of disaster-resilient infrastructure.

5. How does Odisha involve local communities in disaster management?

The state empowers communities through training in risk reduction and rescue operations, involving gram panchayats, women’s self-help groups, and volunteers.

6. What infrastructure has Odisha developed for disaster resilience?

Odisha has built over 800 multi-purpose cyclone shelters, evacuation roads, embankments, and disaster-resilient houses, with significant support from multilateral agencies like the World Bank.

7. What makes Odisha’s early warning system unique?

Odisha pioneered an early warning dissemination system, ensuring critical alerts reach even the most remote villages through sirens and mass messaging, a key component of its disaster preparedness.

8. What challenges does Odisha continue to face in disaster management?

As climate risks escalate, Odisha braces for more intense cyclones, heatwaves, floods, and sea erosion, highlighting the dynamic nature of disaster risk management.

9. How is Odisha enhancing its disaster management capabilities?

Learning from past experiences and global best practices, Odisha is exploring advanced technologies and ensuring their accessibility to local communities for improved cyclone risk mitigation.

10. Why is disaster management a developmental priority for Odisha?

Recognizing the imminent threat of climate change, Odisha views disaster preparedness and management as essential to protecting lives, livelihoods, and its socio-cultural context.

Odisha’s model demonstrates that with persistent efforts, strategic planning, and community involvement, states can significantly enhance their disaster resilience and response capabilities.



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