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Non-Cooperation Movement: India's Freedom Struggle



  Aug 31, 2023

Non-Cooperation Movement in India's Freedom Struggle:Basics


1. Introduction

The Non-Cooperation Movement was a significant phase in India's struggle for independence against British colonial rule. Launched in 1920 under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, it aimed to achieve self-governance through non-violent resistance.
 

2. Key Personalities

Mahatma Gandhi: Leader and driving force behind the movement, advocating non-violence and civil disobedience.
 
Jawaharlal Nehru: Mobilized youth and students to support the movement.
 
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: Promoted Hindu-Muslim unity during the movement.
 
Annie Besant: British socialist leader who cooperated with Indian leaders for self-rule.
 

3. Causes of the Non-Cooperation Movement

Rowlatt Act: Allowed detention of activists without trial.
 
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: Troops fired on unarmed protesters in Amritsar.
 
Khilafat Movement: Protest against mistreatment of Ottoman Caliph.
 
Economic Exploitation: Indians faced economic hardships due to exploitative policies.
 

4. Course of the Movement

Withdrawal of Cooperation: Indians boycotted British institutions like schools, offices, and law courts.
 
Boycott of Foreign Goods: Promoted use of Swadeshi (domestic) products.
 
Mass Protests: Nationwide demonstrations and strikes challenged British authority.
 

5. Effects and Impact

British Response: Administration faced disruptions due to protests.
 
Nationalism: Strengthened sense of Indian identity and self-rule.
 
Mass Mobilization: People from all walks of life participated.
 
Repression: British responded with violence and repression.
 
Gandhi-Irwin Pact: Movement paused after Gandhi-Irwin Pact in 1931.
 
Legacy: Laid foundation for future struggles and emphasized non-violence as a powerful tool for change.
 
The Non-Cooperation Movement exemplified Indians' determination and resilience in their pursuit of freedom. Through mass participation, civil disobedience, and non-violence, it played a crucial role in India's journey toward self-rule.


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