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Kerala Viral Outbreak: Symptoms & Response.



  Sep 14, 2023

Nipah Virus (NiV) Overview


Symptoms

Fever
Muscle pain
Respiratory problems
Encephalitis in severe cases (a potentially fatal condition characterized by inflammation of the brain)
Some individuals can be asymptomatic but still carry and transmit the virus

Transmission

From animals to humans:
Bats (primary natural hosts)
Pigs
Contaminated food

Human to human:
Direct contact with a patient
Contact with bodily fluids of an infected person

Fatality

High case fatality ratio (between 40% and 75% in past outbreaks)
Preventive Measures and Actions by the Government

Surveillance and Monitoring: Setting up systems to monitor and control the spread

Public Awareness: Educating the public and promoting hygiene practices
Medical Preparedness:Equipping hospitals to handle cases efficiently and safely
Research and Development: Encouraging research for treatments and vaccines
Contact Tracing:Identifying and monitoring individuals in contact with infected persons
Testing Facilities: Establishing safe and accurate labs for testing
Emergency Response Teams: Forming teams to manage outbreaks and conduct investigations Treatment No specific treatment or vaccine available currently
Symptomatic treatment focusing on managing the symptoms
Government prepared to import necessary drugs if required
 

Current Scenario in Kerala

Recent outbreak with fatalities and hospitalizations
Government initiatives including control rooms and public advisories
Testing conducted at the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune
Central team of experts assisting the state government

Note: It is crucial for the public to remain calm and adhere to the guidelines and advisories issued by the health department to prevent further spread of the virus.


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