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NEPAL’S NEW CURRENCY:INDIA-NEPAL BORDER DISPUTE



  May 08, 2024

NEPAL’S NEW CURRENCY:INDIA-NEPAL BORDER DISPUTE



1. What is the current dispute between India and Nepal?

The current dispute revolves around the inclusion of the territories of Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura, and Kalapani in the new Rs 100 denomination notes issued by Nepal. India claims these areas based on historical treaties and recent political maps, while Nepal claims them based on the 1816 Sugauli Treaty.

2. Why are these territories significant?

These territories are significant due to their strategic location at the tri-junction of India, Nepal, and China. They are also important for religious reasons, providing a route to the Kailash Mansarovar pilgrimage in Tibet.

3. What was Nepal's response to India's new political map?

Nepal objected to India's 2019 political map that included Kalapani, Lipulekh, and Limpiyadhura as part of its territory. Nepal insists these territories belong to them as per the Sugauli Treaty, which states all territories east of the Kali (Mahakali) river are Nepalese.

4. How has India responded to Nepal's new currency notes?

India's External Affairs Minister, S. Jaishankar, stated that Nepal’s unilateral action of depicting the disputed territories on their currency does not change the status quo or the ground reality of these territories.

5. What role does China play in this dispute?

Observers suggest that China's growing influence in Nepal, including Nepal's participation in China’s Belt and Road Initiative, might be shaping Nepal's assertive stance in this territorial dispute.

6. How has this dispute affected India-Nepal relations?

The dispute has strained the otherwise close and friendly relations characterized by the 'roti-beti' ties, which symbolize deep-rooted familial and cultural connections. Both nations have historically cooperated closely but have faced tensions due to boundary and strategic issues.

7. What are the possible resolutions to this dispute?

Resolution would likely involve diplomatic negotiations where both nations engage in talks to reach a mutual understanding and agreement, respecting historical treaties and current geopolitical realities.

These FAQs aim to provide clarity on the complex nature of the India-Nepal border dispute involving the territories of Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura, and Kalapani. 


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