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National Quantum Mission : Pioneering Quantum Advancements



  Dec 23, 2023

National Quantum Mission (NQM)



Overview

In April 2023, India launched the National Quantum Mission (NQM) with a substantial budget of Rs.6000 crore, spanning from 2023-24 to 2030-31. The mission's aim is to spearhead development and innovation in Quantum Technology (QT), positioning India as a global leader in Quantum Technologies & Applications (QTA).

Objectives and Deliverables

Development of Quantum Computers: The mission targets building intermediate-scale quantum computers with 50-1000 physical qubits within 8 years, using superconducting and photonic technology.

Quantum Communications: Focus on establishing satellite-based secure quantum communications over a range of 2000 kilometers within India, long-distance quantum communications with other nations, and inter-city quantum key distribution.

Quantum Networks: Implementing multi-node Quantum networks equipped with quantum memories.

High Sensitivity Magnetometers: Developing magnetometers with enhanced sensitivity in atomic systems.

Atomic Clocks: Advancing the precision of timing, communication, and navigation through Atomic Clocks.

Quantum Materials and Devices: Supporting the creation and synthesis of quantum materials like superconductors, novel semiconductor structures, and topological materials for quantum device fabrication.

Photon-Based Technologies: Development of single photon sources/detectors and entangled photon sources for applications in communications, sensing, and metrology. Mission Implementation

Thematic Hubs (T-Hubs): Establishment of four T-Hubs in leading academic and national R&D institutes, focusing on Quantum Computing, Quantum Communication, Quantum Sensing & Metrology, and Quantum Materials & Devices.

Research and Development: These hubs will be central to generating new knowledge through basic and applied research and promoting specific R&D areas. Impact and Benefits

Economic Growth: The NQM is set to accelerate economic growth driven by Quantum Technology.

Sectoral Benefits: Diverse sectors like communication, health, finance, and energy will significantly benefit, with applications in drug design, space technology, banking, and security.

National Priorities and SDGs: The mission aligns with and supports initiatives like Digital India, Make in India, Skill India, Stand-up India, Start-up India, Self-reliant India, and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

Conclusion

The National Quantum Mission marks a pivotal step in enhancing India's technological prowess, setting a path for groundbreaking advancements in Quantum Technology and its applications, and boosting the national tech ecosystem to a globally competitive level.
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