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NATIONAL ONE HEALTH MISSION’



  Apr 15, 2024

NATIONAL ONE HEALTH MISSION’



1. What is the ‘National One Health Mission’?

• It’s a comprehensive initiative endorsed by the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) aiming to integrate human, animal, and environmental health strategies to better prepare for and respond to health emergencies and pandemics.

2. Who is involved in the ‘National One Health Mission’?

• The mission involves collaboration among 13 Ministries and Departments, including the Department of Science and Technology, Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the Ministries of Health, Animal Husbandry, Environment, and others.

3. What are the main goals of the ‘National One Health Mission’?

• The mission focuses on developing integrated disease surveillance, coordinating outbreak response, enhancing research and development (R&D), and ensuring seamless information sharing to control diseases affecting humans, animals, and the environment.

4. Where is the National Institute for One Health located?

• The institute is based in Nagpur, serving as the anchor for coordinating national activities and as the nodal agency for international collaborations related to ‘One Health’.

5. How does the ‘National One Health Mission’ aim to improve pandemic preparedness?

• By fostering a coordinated approach across various sectors, focusing on strong R&D for the development of vaccines, therapeutics, diagnostics, and implementing a national network of high-risk pathogen laboratories.

6. What is the significance of a national network of laboratories under this mission?

• This network brings together laboratories capable of handling high-risk pathogens to improve disease outbreak response and resource utilization across human, animal, and environmental sectors.

7. How does the mission plan to use technology to advance its goals?

• Through the application of artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, disease modeling, and genomic surveillance, including wastewater analysis for broader disease detection and surveillance.

8. What role does the ‘One Health’ approach play on the global stage?

• It emphasizes collaborative efforts to build better surveillance capacities, analytic capabilities, and establish an international network of ‘One Health’ institutes, recognized during India’s G-20 presidency.

9. How does the ‘One Health’ approach extend beyond disease prevention?

• It addresses wider issues such as antimicrobial resistance, food safety, plant diseases, and the impacts of climate change on health, requiring engagement from a broad range of stakeholders.

10. What makes the ‘National One Health Mission’ significant?

• By integrating efforts across human, animal, and environmental health, the mission represents a holistic approach to health governance and pandemic preparedness, moving closer to the goal of ‘One Earth, One Health’ and ‘Health for All’.


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