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National Credit Framework (NCrF): Transforming Education



  May 11, 2024

National Credit Framework (NCrF)



New credit-based framework in CBSE schools 

What is the new credit-based framework being introduced in CBSE schools?

This framework is a significant change to how students in grades 9-12 will learn. Instead of a fixed number of subjects,they'll have more flexibility to choose from a wider range, including vocational courses. They'll earn credits based on the number of learning hours completed, both in and out of school.

Why is India making this change?

The goal is to align with the National Education Policy 2020 and create more flexible and holistic learning opportunities.It aims to bring parity between general and vocational education, allowing students to seamlessly move between the two.

How will this impact the number of subjects students study?

Grades 9-10: Students will study 10 subjects instead of 5, with new additions like environmental education and vocational education.

Grades 11-12: Students will study a minimum of 6 subjects, with the option to add a 7th.

What about language requirements?

Grades 9-10: Students must study 3 languages, with at least 2 being Indian native languages.

Grades 11-12: Students must study 2 languages, one Indian native language and likely English.

How are credits earned and what do they mean?

● Credits are awarded based on the completion of 1200 notional learning hours per academic year, equivalent to 40 credits.

● Both academic (school) and non-academic (experiential) learning hours count towards credits.

Will this change how students are graded?

● Students will still receive letter grades (A1-E) based on their relative performance in the class.

● However, the emphasis is on meeting the 1200 learning hours to pass, not just on grades.

What are the long-term implications of this framework?

Streamlining: It could create a unified credit system from school through higher education, promoting seamless transitions.

Inclusivity: The framework might encourage more students to consider vocational education and allow dropouts to re-enter the system.

Recognition of Prior Learning: This system could provide a way to formally recognize skills and knowledge gained outside of school.

Additional Considerations:

Implementation Timeline: The rollout is expected in 2024-25, but the exact timing may be subject to change.

Impact on Admissions: Universities will need to adapt their admission criteria to consider both credits and grades.

Other Boards: Other school boards in India might follow CBSE's lead and implement similar credit-based systems.




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