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Myanmar Crisis: Impact on Northeast India



  Nov 22, 2023

Myanmar Crisis and Its Impact on Northeast India



The civil war in Myanmar has had significant repercussions in India’s northeastern states, particularly Mizoram, leading to a humanitarian crisis and complex geopolitical dynamics.

Reasons for Fleeing to Mizoram:

1. Civil War in Myanmar: The ongoing civil war in Myanmar, particularly in Chin State, has forced many to seek refuge in neighboring Mizoram.

2. Ethnic Ties: The people of Mizoram share ethnic ties with the Chin community, making Mizoram a natural refuge for those fleeing Myanmar.

3. Violent Crackdowns: The Myanmar military’s crackdown on ethnic armed organizations and pro-democracy militias in Chin State has intensified the conflict, leading to displacement.

Ethnic Organizations’ Response:

Support for Anti-Coup Militias: Ethnic groups like the Karen, Kachin, Chin, and Karenni have supported anti-coup militias, aligning with the National Unity Government (NUG).

Diverse Reactions: Other ethnic armed groups have varied responses, with some maintaining ceasefires with the junta and others, like the Brotherhood Alliance, actively engaging against junta forces.

China’s Reaction:

Strategic Interest: China, while publicly advocating for cessation of hostilities, has strategic interests in the region and exerts influence over some northern ethnic armed forces.

Tolerance of Rebel Actions: China appears to tolerate the actions of rebels, particularly those targeting illicit activities like cybercrime centers in Kokang.

Impact on Northeast India:

Refugee Influx: The conflict has led to a significant influx of refugees into Mizoram and Manipur, with the Mizoram government defying central orders to deport them, citing ethnic kinship.

Heightened Ethnic Tensions: In Manipur, the influx has exacerbated ethnic tensions between the Kuki-Zo community and the majority Meiteis.

The situation reflects the complex interplay of ethnic solidarity, regional geopolitics, and the humanitarian crisis resulting from Myanmar’s internal conflict.

SRIRAM’s


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