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MODI 3.0: GLOBAL IMPLICATIONS



  Jun 14, 2024

MODI 3.0: GLOBAL IMPLICATIONS



Enhanced Global Stature

Narendra Modi’s re-election for a rare third term as India’s Prime Minister continues to elevate the country’s position on the global stage. Modi’s administration has positioned India and its fast-growing economy as crucial players in addressing global issues such as climate change, development, and international security.

Shifting Political Landscape

Unlike his previous terms, Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) now relies on coalition partners to form a government, indicating a more complex domestic political environment. This shift may necessitate a greater focus on domestic affairs, potentially limiting the time and resources available for foreign policy initiatives.

Key International Relationships

United States: India’s relationship with the United States is expected to remain strong. The US-India partnership, particularly in the areas of security and technology, is likely to deepen as both nations share concerns over regional stability and an assertive China. President Joe Biden has highlighted the growing potential of this partnership.

Strategic Autonomy: Despite closer ties with the US, India continues to pursue strategic autonomy. This includes maintaining relationships with countries like Russia, despite Western pressures to sever such ties. Modi’s administration is likely to continue balancing these relationships to assert India’s independent foreign policy stance.

Regional Dynamics

China and Pakistan: Managing relations with nuclear-armed neighbors China and Pakistan remains a significant challenge. Modi’s previous terms saw heightened tensions, especially with Pakistan. The BJP’s Hindu nationalist agenda has often exacerbated regional frictions. The new coalition government might moderate its rhetoric, but the potential for increased posturing to satisfy domestic constituencies cannot be ruled out.

Neighbourhood First continues.

Domestic and International Concerns

Civil Liberties and Human Rights: Modi’s administration faces criticism for alleged backsliding on civil liberties and the marginalization of India’s Muslim minority. These issues could strain relationships with Western democracies concerned about human rights.

Extraterritorial Actions: Accusations of India’s involvement in international incidents, such as the alleged plot to target a Sikh activist in the US, raise concerns about the country’s commitment to international norms. These allegations, if not addressed, could impact India’s global image and relations.

Economic Implications

Despite the political challenges, India’s economic trajectory remains strong. Analysts suggest that Modi’s leadership, even without a supermajority, will continue to boost India’s global economic clout. The perceived resurgence of democracy in India following the recent elections may further enhance its image among liberal nations and boost its soft power.

Conclusion

Modi’s third term as Prime Minister signifies a critical phase for India’s global ambitions. While domestic political dynamics may require careful management, India’s strategic relationships and economic potential remain robust. The coming years will reveal how Modi navigates these complexities to enhance India’s stature on the world stage.



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