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MINIMUM WAGE & LIVING WAGE IN INDIA



  Apr 22, 2024

MINIMUM WAGE & LIVING WAGE IN INDIA



What is a minimum wage?

Minimum wage is the lowest remuneration that employers can legally pay their workers—the minimum wage aims to protect workers against unduly low pay.

What is a living wage?

Living wage is a theoretical wage level that allows an individual to afford adequate shelter, food, and other necessities. It is set higher than the minimum wage and is intended to reflect the actual cost of living in a specific area.

Why is India considering switching from a minimum wage to a living wage?

India is considering this switch to ensure that all workers can afford a basic but decent standard of living from their earnings alone. This move is seen as a step towards reducing poverty and improving the overall economic and social wellbeing of its workforce.

What are the benefits of a living wage?

Reduced Poverty: Workers earning a living wage can more easily meet their basic needs and support their families.

Increased Worker Satisfaction and Productivity: Adequate earnings can reduce worker stress and increase morale, which can lead to higher productivity.

Reduced Employee Turnover: Higher wages can reduce the frequency with which employees leave in search of better-paying jobs, decreasing recruitment and training costs.

What are the challenges of implementing a living wage in India?

Economic Impact on Small Businesses: Small businesses may struggle with the increased costs of higher wages, potentially leading to job cuts or business closures.

Inflation: Increasing wages could lead to higher spending power, which might cause an increase in prices, affecting inflation rates.

Regional Variability: The cost of living varies significantly across India, making it challenging to set a uniform living wage that is fair and practical in all areas.

How could a living wage help the poor?

A living wage could directly lift workers and their families out of poverty by providing them with sufficient income to cover essential living costs without requiring multiple jobs or financial assistance.

What steps are needed to implement a living wage in India?

Economic Studies and Consultations: Gathering data on the cost of living across various regions to set appropriate wage levels.

Engagement with Stakeholders: Consulting with businesses, workers' groups, and economists to balance the interests of all parties.

Gradual Implementation: Phasing in the living wage to allow businesses time to adjust financially and operationally.

These FAQs provide a foundation for understanding the basic concepts and implications of moving towards a living wage system in India, highlighting both the potential benefits and challenges of such a policy shift.



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